UC vs CSU: Whats the Difference Which Is Better


UC vs CSU: they might have similar letters, but they’re definitely


the same thing! The University of California and the California State University are two highly regarded public university systems based throughout California.

But what is the difference between UC and CSU? How are the UC and CSU schools different and how are they alike?

In this UC vs CSU guide, we give you a comprehensive comparison of Cal State vs UC and go over what these differences and similarities mean for you and your college choices. First, though, let’s take a look at what the UC schools and CSU schools actually are, starting with the UC system.


UPDATE: How COVID-19 Is Affecting UC and CSU Schools in 2020-2021

Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the University of California and the California State University systems have made some changes to how admissions will work in 2020-2021.

Changes to University of California Schools

  • Your admission won’t be automatically rescinded if you can’t get your transcript to the school by July 1, 2021, as long as you contact the admissions department well ahead of time and work with an admissions counselor.

  • If you can’t finalize your admissions decision by the deadline to accept (May 1 for freshmen, June 1 for transfer students), you can contact the admissions office about deferment. UC schools are being flexible and working with students who’ve been affected by COVID-19.

  • UC schools have gone test optional in 2021, meaning that you can submit your test scores, but they aren’t a required part of your application.


all UC schools will stop requiring the ACT and SAT as part of the admissions process for in-state students by 2025


For more information about what that means for you, check out this FAQ

. For the most up-to-date information on UC schools and the coronavirus, be sure to check out the

COVID-19 page for UC schools.

Changes to CSU Schools

Like the University of California, California State schools have also made some pretty substantial changes for the 2020-2021 academic year.

If you’re applying for Fall 2021 admission to a CSU school, here are some changes you can expect


  • CSU schools will accept grades of “Credit” or “Pass” to fulfill course requirements for spring or summer 2020 terms. These pass/fail grades won’t be calculated into students’ GPAs, though.

  • Students who can’t submit their transcripts by the July 15, 2020 deadline won’t have their admission rescinded. Instead, they’ll be accepted on a provisional status until they can have their transcripts sent to their school. Transcripts


    be received during the Fall 2020 semester.

  • CSU will honor all existing transferable credit for 2020 AP exams where students score a 3, 4, or a 5.

  • CSU will temporarily suspend the use of ACT/SAT examinations

    in determining admission eligibility for all CSU campuses for the 2021-2022 academic year.

For a full list of the admissions changes and the most up-to-date information,

check out Cal State’s COVID-19 admissions page.

For more information about your CSU school’s plan, check your university’s website

or use this handy search tool


What Are the UC Schools?


University of California system

is a group of highly prestigious public research universities in California. Established in 1869, UC has grown to include over 280,000 students and 227,000 staff and faculty members.

There are 10 campuses

, nine of which offer both undergraduate and graduate education:

  • UC Berkeley
  • UC Davis
  • UC Irvine
  • UCLA
  • UC Merced
  • UC Riverside
  • UC San Diego
  • UC San Francisco (graduate programs only)
  • UC Santa Barbara
  • UC Santa Cruz

The UC schools are large schools

, typically with 20,000 or more undergrads. UCLA has the biggest undergrad enrollment of the UC schools at 31,600, while UC Merced has the smallest enrollment at around 8,000 (it’s also the newest of the UC schools, having opened its doors in 2005).

As a whole, the UC system offers

160 academic disciplines and 800 degree programs


UC schools are highly regarded and top-ranked. They are extremely competitive to get into and are considered some of the

best public universities in the nation


What Are the CSU Schools?


California State University system

is a group of public universities based in California.

It is the largest public four-year university system in the US.

Even though the CSU schools aren’t nearly as competitive as are the UC schools, they’re still pretty popular because they offer

quality academics at an affordable price

for California residents.

Officially established in 1972, the CSU system comprises 23 schools, which all have undergraduate programs available:

  • CSU Bakersfield
  • CSU Channel Islands
  • CSU Chico
  • CSU Dominguez Hills
  • CSU East Bay
  • CSU Fresno
  • CSU Fullerton
  • Humboldt State University
  • CSU Long Beach
  • CSU Los Angeles
  • Cal Maritime Academy
  • CSU Monterey Bay
  • CSU Northridge
  • Cal Poly Pomona
  • CSU Sacramento
  • CSU San Bernardino
  • San Diego State University
  • San Francisco State University
  • San Jose State University
  • Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
  • CSU San Marcos
  • Sonoma State University
  • CSU Stanislaus

In total, approximately 482,000 students attend CSU, where 53,000 faculty and staff are employed.

Undergrad enrollment varies tremendously at the CSU schools.

CSU Fullerton has the largest enrollment at about 35,000 undergrads

, while Cal Maritime has the smallest enrollment at just over 1,000 undergrads.

Additionally, CSU has an incredibly diverse student body, with a high percentage of non-traditional and commuter students, and is

known for catering to minority and low-income students


Unlike the UC schools, which focus more on research and academic publishing, CSU focuses more on helping students develop professional, practical skills that will lead them to great jobs right out of college.


UCLA campus



/Wikimedia Commons)

UC vs CSU: Full Comparison

Here’s a

side-by-side Cal State vs UC comparison

so you can see how the two university systems are both different and alike:

University of California

California State University

UC CSU, Cal State

Mostly large cities in northern and southern California Mix of small and large cities throughout California

Public or Private?
Public Public

Total Enrollment



# of Campuses
9 + 1 graduate school 23

# of Bachelor’s Programs
~900 ~2,700

US News



UCLA, #20 (Nat’l)


UC Merced, #97 (Nat’l)


Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, #3 (Regional West)


CSU East Bay, #80 (Regional West)

Niche Grades


A+ (



UC Berkeley





B (

UC Merced



A (

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo



B- (

CSU East Bay


Acceptance Rate


UC Merced, 72%


UCLA, 12%


CSU Bakersfield, 100%


Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, 28%

6-Year Graduation Rate



Gender Ratio
Female: 53%

Male: 47%

Unknown: <1%
Female: 57%

Male: 43%

Non-Binary: <1%

Ethnicity Breakdown
Asian/Pacific Islander: 30%

White: 24%

Hispanic/Latinx: 22%

International: 16%

African American: 4%

Unknown: 3%
Hispanic: 43%

White, Non-Hispanic: 22%

Asian American: 15%

Non Resident Alien: 6%

African American: 4%

Two or More Races: 4%

Unknown: 4%

American Indian: <1%

Pacific Islander: <1%

Commuter Schools?
Not really, except for UC Irvine and UC Riverside Yes, most campuses

Average Tuition & Fees









Overall Reputation
World-class public university system known for its premier academics, selectivity, and research Very large, high-quality public university system known for its affordability and flexible class offerings


The University of California system is often shortened to “UC,” which is why you’ll typically see the UC schools referred to as

UC Berkeley


UC Irvine

, for example, instead of the University of California, Berkeley or the University of California, Irvine (both of which are definitely a mouthful!).

That being said,

“UC” can also refer to the University of Cincinnati

, so be sure to specify which University of California school you’re talking about.

The California State University system is usually called “CSU” or “Cal State.” So the

California State University, Fullerton

could be called either CSU Fullerton or Cal State Fullerton, for instance.

Be aware that

“CSU” can refer to several other colleges, too

, such as

Colorado State University


Chicago State University

, and

Cleveland State University



There are 10 UC schools (including one graduate-only school in San Francisco) and 23 CSU schools.

The UC schools are

mostly located in larger cities

in either northern or southern California:


CSU is a little different. Since there are more CSU schools than there are UC schools, the system is

more spread out across the state

and has campuses in smaller cities as well as larger cities. This element of convenience makes CSU easier to access for many people throughout California.


University Type

Both the University of California and the California State University are public state university systems, meaning that they’re

both funded by the California State government

. For more information on how public universities differ from private ones,

check out our in-depth guide



CSU is by far the larger of the two systems, both in terms of number of schools and student enrollment.

While UC is home to nine undergraduate schools and 280,000+ students, CSU has 23 schools and a whopping 480,000+ students.

Regarding undergraduate enrollment specifically, UC currently has


undergrads while CSU has


undergrads. However, the individual campuses in the UC and CSU systems vary quite significantly in enrollment.

The following chart shows

total undergraduate enrollment

at UC and CSU schools, from largest undergraduate student body to smallest. All UC schools have been

highlighted in green



Undergrad Enrollment
CSU Fullerton ​40,445
CSU Northridge ​38,391
CSU Long Beach 38,075
San Diego State 35,081
San Jose State 32,926
CSU Sacramento ​31,156
UC Davis 30,982
UC San Diego 30,794
UC Irvine 30,382
San Francisco State ​29,586
CSU Los Angeles ​27,675
Cal Poly Pomona ​26,443
UC Santa Barbara 23,349
UC Riverside 22,055
CSU San Bernardino ​20,311
UC Santa Cruz 17,517
CSU Chico 17,014
CSU Dominguez Hills 15,741
CSU East Bay 15,528
CSU San Marcos 13,964
CSU Stanislaus ​10,974
CSU Bakersfield 10,493
Sonoma State 9,459
UC Merced 8,151
Humboldt State 8,347
CSU Monterey Bay ​7,616
CSU Channel Islands ​7,093
Cal Maritime 1,120

As you can see,

the three largest schools are as follows


  • CSU Fullerton
  • CSU Northridge
  • CSU Long Beach

And the three smallest schools are as follows:

  • Cal Maritime
  • CSU Channel Islands
  • CSU Monterey Bay

Most UC schools are very large, with around 20,000 to 30,000 students.


the CSU schools have a broader spread of enrollment

, with some larger schools (including CSU Fullerton, CSU Long Beach, and San Diego State), some smaller, and many in the medium and medium-large range (about 10,000-20,000 students).


CSU Northridge


Guanzhan Chen

/Wikimedia Commons)


Whereas the UC system offers about 900 bachelor’s degree programs,

the CSU system offers more than 2,700 bachelor’s programs

. Obviously, what’s available at each specific UC and CSU school will vary, so make sure to check ahead of time what majors and minors are offered at the UC and/or CSU schools you’re considering.

You can look at

the list of UC majors by school here

, and

the list of CSU majors by school here


Rankings and Grades

While both the UC system and CSU system are solid options for college,

the UC schools are much more highly ranked and prestigious overall


All UC schools rank in the

top 100

national universities on

US News

. By contrast, most CSU schools rank fairly well, but not amazingly, on the

US News

Best Regional Universities West list


In addition to

US News

rankings, we looked at student-produced grades on Niche. Niche grades for UC and CSU schools indicate

high to very high student satisfaction at UC, and average to high student satisfaction at CSU


Three UC schools managed to nab an A+ rating (UCLA, UC Berkeley, and UC Santa Barbara), which no CSU schools were awarded.

The highest grade a CSU school earned was an A

, an honor that goes to Cal Poly San Luis Obispo.


Overall, the UC schools—being very prestigious and highly ranked—are much more difficult to get into than are the CSU schools, especially UC Berkeley and UCLA, the two highest-ranked schools.

In other words,

acceptance rates at UC schools are often far lower than those at CSU schools


Here’s an overview of the acceptance rates for all UC and CSU schools, from most selective to least. Once again, all UC schools have been

highlighted in green for clarity



Acceptance Rate


UC Berkeley

UC Irvine

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

UC Santa Barbara

UC San Diego

San Diego State

CSU Long Beach

UC Davis

CSU Fullerton

CSU Los Angeles

UC Santa Cruz

Cal Poly Pomona

CSU Northridge

UC Riverside

CSU Fresno

CSU San Marcos

San Jose State

Cal Maritime

CSU San Bernardino

CSU Chico

UC Merced

San Francisco State

CSU Channel Islands

CSU East Bay

CSU Monterey Bay

Humboldt State

CSU Sacramento

CSU Dominguez Hills

CSU Stanislaus

Sonoma State

CSU Bakersfield

As you can see here,

eight of the nine UC schools have acceptance rates around 50% or lower

, making them all at least somewhat selective. By contrast, most of the CSU schools are much easier to get into, with many having acceptance rates of 55% or higher.


Hearst Memorial Mining Building at UC Berkeley


Joe Parks

/Wikimedia Commons)

Student Demographics

Both UC and CSU have slightly

more female-identifying students

than they do male-identifying students (as well as a nominal number of unknown or non-binary students).

Ethnic demographics differ somewhat, however. At UC, the three largest ethnic/racial groups are Asians/Pacific Islanders (30%), whites (24%), and Hispanics/Latines (22%). At CSU, it’s Hispanics (43%) followed by non-Hispanic whites (22%) and Asian Americans (15%).

Both university systems have a clear devotion to diversity, but

CSU shines a little brighter in its commitment to serving Hispanic/Latinx populations


21 out of its 23 schools are Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs)


Still, the UC system is making big strides to serve this population, too. At present,

six of the 10 UC schools are considered HSIs


Commuter Schools

One major difference between UC schools and CSU schools is undergraduates’ living situations.

At most UC schools (besides UC Riverside and UC Irvine), it’s very common for undergraduates to live on campus in university housing. At most CSU schools, however,

undergraduates commute to campus and do not usually live in university housing (if even offered)


There are several advantages when it comes to commuter campuses, such as the option to save money on housing by living at home with your parents and having more flexible class options, which are often given to accommodate older, non-traditional students.

Nevertheless, some of the cons of commuting to college include the following:

  • It can be harder to make friends and socialize
  • Traffic can be a nightmare, especially in big cities in California
  • You’ll likely have to race to find parking every day before class

To learn more about commuter campuses,

read our in-depth guide


Tuition and Fees

Since both the UC and CSU systems are public university systems, what you pay in tuition and fees will ultimately depend on whether you’re a California resident or not. In-state tuition every year is$6,782 at CSU and $14,100 at UC. As you can see,

CSU is far cheaper to attend than a UC school—in fact, it’s more than $7,000 cheaper


When it comes to out-of-state tuition and fees, these figures jump dramatically. At UC, out-of-state students must pay

$43,900 per year

—over three times higher than what in-state students pay. By contrast, CSU charges tuition differently to out-of-state students, either by the semester unit ($396 each) or by the quarter unit ($264 each).


Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

UC vs CSU: Which Schools Should You Apply To?

When it comes to Cal State vs UC, which schools should you apply to? Here are

four useful tips

to help you make your decision.

#1: Think About Size and Setting

Two big factors for many students are the size and overall location of the school.

With UC schools, most are on the larger end in terms of undergrad enrollment (with 20,000-40,000 students), whereas the CSU schools vary significantly, from as few as 1,000 undergrads to as many as 40,000.

If you’re interested in having a smaller, more intimate student body, first

look at the CSU schools

before you consider any UC schools. If you’d prefer a more bustling environment, then feel free to look at pretty much all the UC schools (except UC Merced) and about half the CSU schools.

In terms of setting, location can vary a lot for both UC and CSU depending on the campus. It might help to remember, though, that UC schools are mostly based in larger cities, whereas CSU schools can be found in smaller cities as well as larger ones.

If you plan on commuting to school, keep in mind that larger cities might have worse traffic.

#2: Figure Out Your Academic Interests

Another factor to consider is your academic interests and what you want to major in (if you know).

UC and CSU schools don’t all offer the same majors and minors

, so you’ll definitely have to do some research to see what kinds of programs each school offers and whether they have the ones you’re interested in. You can do this by using

the list of UC majors


the list of CSU majors


For example, a few CSU schools offer majors in apparel/fashion merchandising and management, whereas no UC schools offer any equivalent undergraduate program.

You might also want to

take into consideration whether your field has a better reputation at UC or CSU

. For example,

both UC Berkeley and UCLA have premier engineering programs

, so you might want to prioritize applying to these schools if you’re planning to be an engineering major.

#3: Consider Costs and Financial Aid

UC and CSU differ a lot in what they charge you for tuition and fees each year, so

make sure that you’re fully aware of what you’ll be responsible for paying

. Although it’s clearly a lot cheaper to attend CSU instead of UC,

doing this might mean sacrificing quality of academics and overall prestige for affordability


Remember, too, that you’ll need to consider financial aid packages. Despite UC’s high cost,

56% of California undergrads at UC pay absolutely

nothing in tuition

. As for CSU, there are

tons of merit-based scholarships

you can apply for to try to save some money.

Whether you apply to UC schools, CSU schools, or a combination of the two, it’ll be a smart idea to

look into external scholarships as well


#4: Compare Your Academic Profile With Those of Admitted Students

Lastly, you’ll need to consider your own academic profile—

that is, your GPA and SAT/ACT scores

—and see how you compare with real admitted applicants to the UC and/or CSU schools you’re looking at. Doing this should help you

make an ideal college list

that includes

a balanced number of

safety schools


target schools

, and

reach schools


For example, if your GPA and SAT/ACT scores are about the same as those of admitted students to a particular UC or CSU school, then that institution can be considered a match, or target, school.

If your GPA and scores are higher, then that’s a safety school, as you’re very likely to get accepted.

Finally, if your GPA and test scores are significantly lower than the averages at a certain UC or CSU school, then that institution can be considered a reach school, as you’re unlikely to get in with your current academic profile (but still could, of course).


UC Santa Barbara



/Wikimedia Commons)

Recap: What’s the Difference Between UC and CSU?

So when it comes to UC vs CSU, how do these two university systems actually differ?

For starters, the University of California is a very renowned public university system known for its world-class research and highly accomplished professors. Meanwhile, as the largest four-year public university system in the US, the California State University is primarily known for its quality academics and affordability.

Here are some other key ways these two university systems differ:

  • Size:

    There are 10 UC schools, including one graduate school, and 23 CSU schools; regarding enrollment, CSU has around 200,000 more total students than UC does, and its schools have a bigger range in enrollment as well

  • Degree programs:

    UC offers around 900 bachelor’s programs, while CSU has over 2,700

  • Rankings:

    All UC schools are ranked extremely high, whereas CSU schools typically rank well but not great

  • Selectivity:

    UC schools are generally much harder to get into than CSU schools, which range in acceptance rate from as low as 30% to as high as 100%

  • Tuition and fees:

    CSU is much cheaper than UC, especially if you are an out-of-state student; however, UC


    offer a lot of financial aid that can help offset these costs

In the end, to find the right college for


—whether that happens to be a UC school, a CSU school, or something totally different!—

you must consider the following four factors


  • Size and setting
  • Your academic interests
  • Costs and financial aid
  • How your academic profile compares with those of admitted students

And with that, I say good luck with your UC and CSU applications!

What’s Next?

Want to learn more about the UC schools and CSU schools?

Then refer to our ultimate guides to the

University of California system

and the

Cal State system


Applying to one or more UC schools?

Then you’ll certainly want to check out our tips on

how to put together a great UC application


how to write your very best UC essay


Interested in other school comparisons?

Take a look at our

Penn vs Penn State comparison

, as well as our

SUNY vs CUNY analysis


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