The Metamorphosis: Essay Topics & Samples

The Metamorphosis

is one of Kafka’s best-known books. It is also one of the most intricate literary pieces in world literature. This is why coming up with an excellent

The Metamorphosis

essay topic can be challenging. The following list can help you to get started. See if any of these ten topics pique your interest.

Essay Topics

  1. Describe Gregor’s life before the metamorphosis.

    To write an outstanding

    The Metamorphosis

    essay on this topic, try to answer the following questions. What was

    Gregor’s life

    before his physical transformation? Do you think any circumstances in his life could’ve had a dehumanizing effect on him before the physical change? Did he like his work? Did he have friends?

  2. What is the significance of the number “3” in Kafka’s

    The Metamorphosis?

    The number “3” is a significant symbol in

    The Metamorphosis

    book. Enumerate the elements of the novel that come in three: rooms, chapters, family members, tenants, etc. What might this number symbolize? Do you think there is religious symbolism in the novella?

  3. How can you interpret

    The Metamorphosis

    through the existential lens?


    The Metamorphosis

    essay, you can offer an existentialist interpretation of the novella. Think about the questions like: Is Kafka an existentialist writer? What are some elements of existentialist literature, and can you find them in

    The Metamorphosis?

    In which ways Gregor questions his existence? Is happiness attainable for him?

  4. Father and Son relationships in

    The Metamorphosis.

    You can divide this essay into two parts. The

    father-son relationships

    before the physical transformation can become the focus of the first part. Think about how Gregor’s father treated him as a human. In the second part of


    essay, you can analyze the relationships after the transformation.

  5. Analyze the dehumanizing effect of work in Gregor Samsa’s life.

    How does Kafka

    start the novella

    ? Why does Gregor only think about his work when he wakes up? Do you believe it is essential for the readers to know what profession Gregor had before the transformation? What effect does Gregor’s job have on his metamorphosis?

  6. Write about food as a symbol of starving for attention.

    In this essay, you should focus on the use of

    food symbols

    in Kafka’s

    The Metamorphosis

    . What do these symbols tell about the relationships in the family? Analyze every account of food in the story and see how the character transformation is described through it.

  7. Explore the theme of isolation and alienation in

    The Metamorphosis

    by Franz Kafka.

    First, you can explain the difference between isolation and


    . Using the text, tell why Gregor’s isolation happened before his transformation into an insect. Does physical change reveal the emotional separation in the family? What about Gregor’s inner self? Was there an alienation from his true self?

  8. What is the importance of third-person narration in

    The Metamorphosis?

    If you decide to choose this topic, think about Kafka’s choice to use third-person narration. What does this perspective allow the readers to see? Would the story be different if the author used another technique? For instance, if Kafka told the story through the eyes of Grete.

  9. Analysis of Gregor’s inability to communicate with the family.

    The paradox in

    The Metamorphosis

    by Kafka is that Gregor’s inability to communicate was present even before his

    physical transformation

    . Give some examples from the text—for instance, Gregor’s dissatisfaction with his work, etc. How did his physical inability to speak after the change contribute to his alienation, both emotional and physical?

  10. Trace Grete’s metamorphosis.

    Grete’s transformation

    is thematically significant for understanding the novella. It seems that

    The Metamorphosis

    is a book about Gregor’s transformation. However, Grete’s metamorphosis, in a way, is more symbolic. What does it symbolize? What are the stages of her change?

Essay Samples

To dive deeper into the story’s analysis, check

The Metamorphosis

essay samples below. Here you’ll see how to explore the novella and prove your opinion on the

given topic


  1. Metamorphosis and the Necklace

    The author of the essay compares two completely different stories, revealing similar aspects and themes. Melancholy and sadness are in focus as they are connected to death in both stories, though on various levels. See how Kafka’s and Maupassant’s stories are connected in the paper.

  2. Infinite Regression in Franz Kafka’s Works

    Franz Kafka is a writer with a tragic life filled with suffering and health issues. His problems inevitably affected his works, which reflected the author’s inner turmoils ad philosophy. In the essay, the writer analyzes Kafka’s

    The Metamorphosis


    The Castle

    and examines the infinite regression in them.

  3. Transformation in Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis”

    Kafka’s implementation of this theme in the novella has illustrated the change of the main characters. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist, changed physically, which affected his family. The present paper explains how the main character’s change led to the psychological transformation of everyone.

  4. Kafka’s “Metamorphosis”: Life in Modernity

    The complexity of

    The Metamorphosis

    ’s plot has been a topic for many debates. In the novella, the author depicts the existential nature of urbanization. The essay discusses how the central character represents the metaphor of being released from the norms of society.

  5. Lessons Learned from “The Metamorphosis” by Franz Kafka

    The central character, Gregor Samsa, turns into an insect. This transformation significantly changes his life and separates him from the rest of the people. This paper discusses the lessons learned from the experiences of the main character.

  6. Absurdity in “The Metamorphosis” and “The Stranger”

    One of the central themes of

    The Metamorphosis


    The Stranger

    is that the world and the norms of society are absurd. The stories also explore physical and emotional detachments and how they affect people. The paper compares and contrasts them on the topic of absurdity.