The High School History Classes You Should Take

History. Maybe it’s written by the victors. Maybe it repeats itself, first as tragedy and second as farce. Or maybe it doesn’t repeat, but rhymes. In any case, it’s a key part of your high school (and lifelong!) education.

But how should you study it? What classes should you take in high school to satisfy college requirements? What options are there for going above and beyond? And what can you do if you are a history fiend who simply cannot get enough learning about the past?

Read on to learn about high school and college expectations, honors and AP classes, and ways to expand your understanding of other social sciences!

What Do High Schools Expect?

Like the car commercials say, your mileage may vary – in this case, each high school has its own standards for how many years of history and/or other social sciences you need to take to graduate.

Most public schools in most states require 2 to 3 years of social sciences

(this may be different for private schools). Besides history, social sciences are classes like economics, geography, world cultures, civics, and government.

So, definitely check with your own high school to see how many years you need and what counts as a social science.

Random pile of rocks or the remains of England’s wealthiest abbey after Henry VIII and his Reformation was done with it? History = amazing true stories.

What Do Colleges Expect?

Again, there is no hard and fast rule. Still, most colleges want you to have taken at least 2 standard history courses:

  • American/US history
  • World history or European history

Overall, colleges want to see 2 to 3 years of social science classes, but you should definitely check the admissions requirements of your target school to see what they expect.

Sometimes colleges don’t have requirements but they do offer suggestions. For example, while UCLA


at least two years of social sciences, Harvard


a minimum of two years.

Sometimes expectations depend on what you’re applying to study. For example, if you want to study engineering, you probably don’t need to take as many social science courses. Conversely, if you’re applying with a plan to study social science, this is where you need to excel and demonstrate your interest.

How Can I Exceed Expectations?

The Do-More Kid slowly hovered upstairs, mildly exceeding the expectation that he would simply walk.

Honors Classes

If you’re angling to exceed expectations, the best place to start is with your own school. Honors classes will most likely be similar to the standard classes your school offers, but they will go into more depth and explore broader contexts for the historical topics you study.

On the one hand, you’ll have to work much harder, but on the other hand you have a richer understanding and be way better prepared for college-level history courses.

AP History Classes

There are three history AP options:

  • AP World History, which divides everything from 8000 BC to now into six periods, each with its own questions and thematic concerns
  • AP European History, which focuses on everything that happened in Europe from the mid-1400s through 2000
  • AP United States History, which covers American history from about the time Native Americans first encountered Europeans to the present day

IB Diploma Classes

There are two different IB course progressions for history:

  • the first focuses on the history of Europe and the Islamic world
  • the second focuses on world history in the 20



What If I Want Even More History?

Finding more resources to feed your interest isn’t at all impossible.

Find a great elective or two

This is the time to ransack your high school’s course catalog. Are there any electives which focus on a specific era in history (like the 19th century) or on a particular group of people (like the Mayans)?

Design your own course

You know what teachers love? Interested and engaged students! Can you ask a teacher to help you set up an independent project or independent study to explore your interests?

For example, you could focus on a particular slice of history (like trade along the Silk Route), or you could trace the development of one specific idea through time (like the concept of passive resistance).

Take a class online

For instance, Stanford University has an

online high school

which features 5 history courses and 1 guided independent study option. You can sign up to take just one class or all of them.

Brown University also offers a set of

online pre-college courses

, including two related classes on history and American studies.

Take a class over the summer

Check out our guide to the

Summer Institute for the Gifted

or our description of

Stanford’s two summer programs


Take a college class

Finally, if you’re super confident in your abilities, or if you have a specific interest you really want to learn about, you can take an online college-level class. Not only will you get a sense of what history classes are like in college, but doing well will also look great on your transcript. You may even get college credit, just like for an AP course!

How Else Can I Study Social Sciences?

So maybe you are already a history buff, and are ready to explore other ways of studying how societies, cultures, and peoples interact. Then this is the time to investigate other classes that will broaden and deepen your understanding of history by putting into other contexts! These are classes like: economics, civics, government, politics, world cultures, world religions, geography, and so on.

Check out other social sciences AP classes:

  • AP Comparative Government & Politics
  • AP Human Geography
  • AP Macroeconomics
  • AP Microeconomics
  • AP Psychology
  • AP United States Government & Politics

Also, check out other social sciences IB classes:

  • economics
  • geography
  • global politics
  • information technology in a global society
  • philosophy
  • psychology
  • social and cultural anthropology
  • world religions

There are even

3 IB social science classes offered online


  • Economics
  • Information Technology in a Global Society
  • Philosophy

How Else Can I Show My Social Science Achievements?

Ask your school counselor if you can apply to make your school a local chapter of the

Rho Kappa Social Studies Honor Society

from the National Council for the Social Studies.

This way, you and others like you can be inducted into this society, which is the only national organization for high school juniors and seniors that recognizes excellence in the field of Social Studies.

What’s Next?

So excited about history that you can’t wait to grab a textbook to learn?

We’re here for you. Read through our biographic sketch of

Ida Lewis, lighthouse keeper (and so much more)

; use our guide to

understand the Platt Amendment and its ramifications

; and grapple with the US political system with our articles on

checks and balances


how the executive branch can check the judicial branch


Still wrestling over whether AP or IB is better?

Check out our

guide to deciding which

is right for you.

Ready to kick back and learn some history (but not in a school way)?

Our articles on

the history of hip hop


invention of the 3-hole punch

, and

Loomis Fargo heist

should do the trick.

Curious how your history skills will apply to the SAT?

Well, for one thing, they’ve probably made you a better writer. Read about

how to improve your SAT Writing score

, or better yet,

how to get a perfect 800


how to get a 12 on the SAT Essay


And don’t forget to read about the

new enhanced ACT Writing test


One of the single most important parts of your college application is what classes you choose to take in high school (in conjunction with how well you do in those classes).

Our team of PrepScholar admissions experts have compiled their knowledge into this single guide to planning out your high school course schedule.

We’ll advise you on how to balance your schedule between regular and honors/AP/IB courses, how to choose your extracurriculars, and what classes you can’t afford not to take.

Plan Your Course Schedule