Poetry Analysis: How to Analyze a Poem

Every author and poet has a distinct style that cannot be imitated. They write various poems to explore multiple ideas or theories on their minds, depending on how they think or what they are attempting to portray.

You learn how to ask questions, see multiple meanings in simple things, and develop symbolic thinking by mastering poetry. Let’s give your brain a pick-me-up! Our blog post will teach you how to write a poetry analysis.


What Exactly Is a Poetry Analysis?

Poetry analysis is the process of examining the various artistic, functional, and structural components that comprise a poem. This review is typically conducted and recorded within a literary analysis essay framework.

Poetry’s nature is to express complex feelings, resulting in multiple meanings. To comprehend them, you must consider the words themselves and the rhythm, images, obvious purpose, and implied meaning.

Writing a poem analysis essay necessitates a more in-depth examination of both the choices made by the poet and the overall effects of those choices. These papers require a thorough review of all of the components that comprise a work of poetry.


Four Pre-Writing Steps

Take your time reading the poem.

  • It is necessary to reread the analyzed poetry several times to grasp the various ideas and concepts fully. This also allows you to take note of the rhyme scheme (if there is one), the type of poem (limerick, ode, sonnet, lyric, haiku, free verse, and so on), and other poetic techniques used by the poet (such as enjambment, meter, end-stopped lines, figurative language, etc.).
  • Limerick is a five-line stanza, with the first, second, and fifth lines rhyming and having three feet of three syllables each, and the shorter third and fourth lines also rhyming but having only two feet of three syllables.
  • Ode: It’s written in rhyming 10-line stanzas, with the eighth line in iambic trimeter and the rest in iambic pentameter.
  • A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter is known as a sonnet. Shakespeare, of course, made it famous! (Shakespeare coined the term “swag,” just saying.)
  • A lyric poem is a non-narrative poem in which a single speaker expresses a state of mind or an emotional state. Rather than telling a story, the speaker says his thoughts in a rhyming style.
  • Haiku: A haiku is a three-line poem with seventeen syllables written in a 5/7/5 syllable count invented by the Japanese.
  • Free-Verse: To put it simply, free verse is poetry that does not rhyme or have a consistent rhythm.

Those poem elements are essential to understand when writing a poetry analysis essay because they are part of the poem’s structure and can affect the content.


Learn More About the Poem’s History

This means that you should look up the poet, the date the poem was written, and the work’s cultural context. All of that information usually gives the reader a more in-depth understanding of the poem. It seems self-evident that someone with a better poem experience will have an easier time analyzing it.

Define a Composition Dedicated to the Poem’s Subject Matter

This can be examined as part of the reader’s quest to determine the poem’s theme, tone, mood, and meaning. The subject matter and the thematic elements that support the intended message underlying the subject are frequently an interpretive minefield.

Choose a side from the various theories you’ve developed.

People often have different ideas about what a poet is saying by using a subject, so unless the message is explicitly stated, it is best to report multiple possibilities and include evidence for these theories.

The inexperienced writer can try to expand on several existing ideas and theories. Take care not to confuse this with selecting a popular or biased opinion. They should be defending the one with the most clout or provides the most support. Because the essay is supposed to be an analysis, try to avoid opinions in favor of facts and conjectures supported by work evidence.


How Do I Select a Poem to Analyze? 

An excellent way to choose a topic for a poetry analysis essay is to choose one that deals with information you are already familiar with. For example, if you can select the poem to analyze, it may be advantageous to choose a poem you have previously encountered. Suppose you must choose between different subject areas within a poem. In that case, you may find it easier to focus on writing about a place that plays to your strengths so that the statements made in the essay are conveyed clearly and confidently.

A poem analysis essay may appear to be a problematic writing assignment at first. Still, if the topic, outline, and paper are written according to the steps outlined above, the form will undoubtedly turn out very well.



Outline for a Poetry Analysis Essay

A poetry analysis essay outline can be effortless. It is only a starting point for the writer to build on. Place the paper’s title at the top of the page, followed by the number one (1) just before the word “Introduction.” Under this, you can list brainstormed ideas for the paper’s introduction paragraph. The final section of this section should be devoted to the paper’s thesis statement.

Following an outline for a poetry research essay is recommended to ensure that you organize all of your thoughts and statements. Whether or not you know how to write poetry, an outline will assist you in identifying areas that need to be explored in the analysis.



Starting with a simple title for the analysis or a clever quote or statement from the piece is good to start. Moving on to the introduction to poetry analysis, this should begin with a “hook” to pique the reader’s interest. Following that, include the author’s name and the piece’s title. Add some exciting trivia or background information that the audience isn’t aware of, but keep it brief. State your thesis at the end of the introduction to poetry analysis.



The majority of ideas and comparisons must be explored clearly, focused here. When writing a poetry analysis, each paragraph should be devoted to comparing one point or feature. You can divide each point by using the letter from the outline corresponding to it. Make it as coherent and specific as possible about what is being compared (example: when stating your ideas about what the poetic devices do to the piece, check whether you say each one and do not generalize). Using transition words and phrases will help keep the paragraphs flowing and make them easier to read.



When considering analyzing a poem, it is critical to conclude with a well-thought-out conclusion. Begin by restating the thesis in different words. Summarize the most significant findings to support your thesis. You can form your own opinions based on this and then take a step back and say what it all means in one key idea. Finally, try to leave the reader with something memorable to remember (a thought-provoking sentence or question about the poem).


Poetry Analysis Suggestions

We’ve compiled a list of helpful hints for writing a poetry analysis essay:

  • Always strive to see beyond the words themselves. Look for hidden meanings and any small clues that can be used to piece together a picture. Anyone can write a poem, but uncovering the hidden meanings within poetry takes time, skill, and a lot of research.
  • Choose a poem that you’d like to write about if at all possible. This appears to be a simple enough concept, but it is essential. Choose a poem that you enjoy if you have the option.
  • Examine the conclusion for a clear central idea or theme. Do not include too many contradictory opinions or findings, as this will give the impression that you did not thoroughly evaluate the work. To go beyond a simple middle school poetry analysis, try to show how it relates to more prominent themes and the outside world.
  • Try reading the poem aloud to a co-worker, friend, or even just to yourself. This will aid in discovering any hidden information in the sound, and it’s always a good idea to get a second opinion or additional ideas.
  • Don’t be afraid to check the meanings of words and phrases twice. It is critical to understand how to write a poem analysis essay to the best of your ability. Some words may have had different meanings, cultural references, and locations should all be looked up if you are only half sure.

If you don’t have enough time, hire a professional to write a custom poetry analysis essay for you!