How to Write an Explanatory Essay: Presenting a Point of View Effectively


History is always written by the victor; however, depending on how you look at it, any topic, event, or situation can have multiple viewpoints. Persuading someone to accept a new ideology or way of thinking is difficult. As a result, the best one can do is present an argument based on statistics, logic, and evidence to prove the validity of their idea. This is the explanatory essay’s goal.

The grade office— coursework writing service article will explain how to write an explanatory essay and provide an explanatory essay example for your reference. So, let’s begin with a definition.

What Is an Explanatory Essay

An explanatory essay is a type of writing in which the author expresses his or her point of view on a particular topic, event, or situation. This point of view does not have to be one with which the writer agrees, but it must be supported by research and logic.

Explanatory essays present other people’s points of view or provide reports on a specific event or situation. These are common in majors such as history or journalism, where students investigate facts and real-world situations, providing unbiased explanations based on facts and evidence.

Typically, as an author, you will choose a specific topic and then approach the issue from a specific perspective. This angle is typically complicated, leaving room for debate. At this point, you must present a viewpoint of your choice that adequately explains why a particular outcome was reached.

Many writers make the mistake of believing that they are defending one side of an argument in a debate or criticizing some viewpoint.

Explanatory writing, on the other hand, is all about presenting a neutral point of view on a given topic through research analysis and logically created self-theory. The overall goal is to dispel any ambiguity and provide a clear explanation for why things happened the way they did. The reader should have a clear understanding of your idea after finishing the essay, even if they disagree with it.

Explanatory Essay Topics

Explanatory essay topics are typically assigned to students. A student, for example, may be asked to outline the events that led to World War II or to explain how computers work.

If you are given the freedom to choose your own topic, keep in mind that explanatory essays are objective and fact-based. As a result, it is best to choose a topic that is neutral and non-controversial and that you can explain thoroughly. The more contentious the topic, the more points of view you’ll cover in your essay, making it more difficult.

Almost any topic, event, or idea can be described in an explanatory essay; here are a few examples to get you started:

  • What were the key causes of the American Civil War?
    This has been a question that has yet to be adequately answered, from slavery to states’ rights and the aggravating feeling of power loss.
  • How does depression affect the development of young children and teenagers?
    Many people are affected by depression in various ways. This topic still has a lot to learn about, from physical changes in diet to mental jumps in the form of mood swings.
  • How has the overall development of technology impacted schools?
    Although technology has greatly simplified the lives of people all over the world, it has also brought with it a sense of laziness and reliance. Can it be classified as an addictive substance?
  • What positive and negative impacts have come from social media in today’s society?
    Nowadays, everyone is a keyboard warrior thanks to social media. It does allow people to freely share their thoughts and ideas, but what about the negative consequences?

How to Start an Explanatory Essay. Pre-Writing Steps

Before you begin writing an explanatory paper, you must conduct thorough research and data collection. This essay is heavily reliant on reliable research and data. Make a note of everything important from your sources and use it as evidence in your essay.

Remember that the presented point of view must be a combination of personal ideas and external information — only then will your thoughts be properly validated. So, research your topic and find multiple sources to back up your claims.

  • Select a neutral topic that you want to explain thoroughly.
  • Locate your sources; look for online journals such as Google Scholar or JSTOR. Alternatively, look for relevant books in your college library to use as primary sources.
  • Conduct research and jot down relevant facts or quotes. Remember to keep track of your sources in case you need to cite them later.
  • Create a paper outline out of your research, including an introduction, three main body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
  • Go over the material again and start writing.

Following the collection of the necessary information, the next and most important step is to develop an explanatory thesis. This statement expresses your overall point of view on the subject in a concise manner. In other words, you’re describing what you’ll show your audience. Remember that you are not arguing or criticizing; you are simply stating facts.

A good thesis statement encompasses everything you intend to say in your essay.

For example: Schindler’s List, Steven Spielberg’s 1993 masterpiece, provides a vivid and horrifying insight into World War II concentration camps while musing on the conflict of good and evil and demonstrating how courage and selfless actions can have a massive impact on the lives of helpless people.

A bad thesis statement fails to present the topics of discussion of your essay as such: Schindler’s List, directed by Steven Spielberg, is a film about the Holocaust that depicts Oskar Schindler’s experience and how he saved thousands of Jewish people from a horrible fate.

It is worth noting that a good thesis statement demonstrates that the topics of discussion are not limited to the plot of the film. Themes of good and evil, courage and selflessness, and how one man can change the world are explored. The poor thesis statement simply explains what happens in the film.

After completing both steps, it is time to define an explanation essay structure by creating an outline.

Explanatory Essay Outline

The length of the topic and the information you are attempting to present will determine the outline of an explanatory essay. However, most essays are a page or two long, so the overall essay will be around 5 paragraphs long, according to the explanatory essay format.

In the introduction, the reader will be introduced to the topic of discussion as well as the explanatory thesis. Following that, the body paragraphs will provide evidence to support the thesis statement, such as facts, logic, statistics, and so on. Finally, in the conclusion, summarize the main points of your essay and provide an overall concluding statement. Let’s go over each section in more detail now.

Explanatory Essay Introduction

The hook, background information, and thesis statement are the three main components of the explanatory essay introduction. It acts as a gateway to the essay’s actual content. To begin, as with most types of essays, present a hook statement to pique the reader’s interest in the topic. This can be an interesting fact, a relevant quote, or anything else that will pique the audience’s interest.

Following that, provide any background information that may not appear to be common knowledge. This will aid in the reader’s ability to follow a clear picture. Finally, include an explanatory thesis at the end to help readers focus on the main point of your essay. This should clear up any misunderstandings about what will be covered in the body.

The Body Paragraphs

Unless the topic is extremely detailed, the body should most likely consist of three paragraphs, each with its own point of view. The overall tone of each body paragraph, however, is consistent. Begin with a topic sentence that precisely describes the information you will be introducing. This sentence should also smoothly transition the writing from one point to the next.

Following that, state a position or claim that directly supports the thesis. It’s critical to make the connection clear so that the audience can easily connect the dots. Then, present the evidence gleaned from your research. This will validate your claim and strengthen your stance. Finally, present a concluding statement that summarizes the claim’s significance in relation to the thesis statement. To finish your body, repeat this systematic approach three times for each of your claims.

Explanatory Essay Conclusion

Three major components are required when writing the conclusion to properly finish an explanatory essay. First and foremost, restate your thesis statement. This will draw the audience’s attention back to the main focal point while also strengthening your presented point of view.

Following that, make sure to summarize your three supporting points presented in the body paragraphs. It is critical to restate each one’s significance succinctly. This will demonstrate that you have logically and correctly defended your explanatory thesis, which will strengthen the overall strength of your writing.

Finally, provide an overall concluding statement. This should explain the significance of the specific point of view chosen from a global standpoint. Leave your readers with a call to action, enticing them to learn more about the subject. After that, you’ll be almost finished with your explanatory essay.

Overall, your explanatory essay outline will look something like this:


  • An attention grabber; a hook.
  •  Background information that presents all sides of the debate.
  • Thesis statement.

Body (Three paragraphs)

  • Identify the first argument with a topic sentence.
  • Provide evidence for this topic sentence using your sources.
  • Explain the evidence; connect it to your argument.
  • End each paragraph by restating your main point and explaining why it’s important.
  • Use the conclusion to flow into the next paragraph.


  • Restate the thesis statement.
  • Sum up all the arguments and topic sentences of your essay.
  • Wrap the essay up with a conclusion and leave the audience with a final impression.

Polishing It Up

Take a few proactive steps to tie the knot around your essay before confidently submitting your final work.

Check the Clarity

Because the primary goal of an explanatory essay is to elucidate a topic or event, you should make certain that your explanatory writing clearly explains and simplifies the reader’s comprehension level. The last thing you want is for your audience to be perplexed after reading the essay, calling into question the overall point you were attempting to make.

Reread and Edit

The worst thing a writer can offer is pesky grammatical and word usage errors that kill the text’s eloquence. Reread the essay several times to ensure that it flows as smoothly as a Sunday morning creek.

Explanatory Essay Example

Here’s an example of an explanatory essay that explains how college sororities function. It is abundant in examples and detail, as well as source material. Take note of the essay structure and how the author explains the nature of sororities and how to join one.

The writer describes the process of joining a college sorority in this explanatory essay example. The essay describes the recruitment process, events, and everything a freshman should know before joining a sorority..

Different colleges and universities have varying levels of involvement with Greek life groups. Some people are not engaged at all. The first step in joining a sorority is ensuring that the school one attends has Greek life groups. Second, one should find out when the recruitment date is by visiting their offices or searching online. Before joining a sorority, conduct extensive research on the organization. The information is readily available on the websites of the sorority groups. This way, one can decide whether or not they want to be a part of the group.