How to Write an Essay Introduction


“I’d like to tell you a story about the time I nearly set myself on fire in my car while driving 200 miles per hour to avoid the cops.” – Fortunately, I don’t have such a story to tell, but I’m sure I piqued your interest. “How did I do that?” you may ask. That’s what we mean by an effective hook. Essentially, it is a catchy opening line that captures a reader’s attention and entices them to continue reading. When writing an essay, a strong hook and an engaging introduction are critical components for success. Continue reading if you’re wondering how to write an introduction for an essay. This is the ultimate guide to writing a great essay introduction that will pique your readers’ interest.

Introduction Definition

In a nutshell, an essay’s introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of the paper. As a result, it is the first thing your reader will notice in your essay.

What exactly is the function of an introduction paragraph? A good introduction serves two purposes. To begin, it informs the reader about what you will be discussing in your paper; simply put, it should identify the essay topic and provide some insight into the essay’s main point. Second, it must pique the audience’s interest and encourage them to read the rest of your paper.

How Long Should an Introduction Be?

There are no hard and fast rules about how long an introductory paragraph should be. Experienced essay writers will usually tailor the length of their introductions to the length of the paper as a whole. For example, if you are writing a paper in the standard five-paragraph essay structure, you should keep your opening clause brief and fit it into a single paragraph. When writing longer papers, such as a 30-page paper, your introduction can take up several paragraphs, if not several pages.

Although there are no hard and fast rules, experienced writers recommend that your introductory paragraph(s) account for between 8% and 9% of the total word count of your essay.

What Makes a Good Introduction

A strong introductory paragraph should meet all of the following criteria:

  • Include a hook at the beginning of the paragraph to pique the reader’s interest.
  • It should include background information on your topic.
  • It should provide readers with an overview of the main points and claims that will be discussed in your paper.
  • It should include all relevant information such as time frames, characters, settings, and so on.
  • A clear thesis statement that reflects the main idea of your essay should appear at the end of your introduction.

What Are the 3 Parts of an Introduction Paragraph?

What should be included in an introduction? It is typically made up of three parts: a hook, connections, and a thesis statement. Let’s take a closer look at each component.

Part 1: Essay Hook

A hook is one of the most effective essay introduction starters. A hook’s purpose is to pique the reader’s interest (always in a single sentence). In other words, it attracts attention.

Let us now address the question of “how to make an interesting hook.” There are several approaches you can take to create a strong hook:

  • A shocking fact
  • An anecdote
  • A question
  • A short summary
  • A quote

And here is what to avoid when using a hook:

  • Cliches
  • Dictionary definitions
  • Generalizations
  • Sweeping statements that include words like “everywhere”, “always”, etc.

Following an effective hook, you should provide a broad overview of your main topic and some background information for your paper’s subject matter. If you’re wondering how to start an essay introduction, the best way is to provide a broad explanation of your theme before leading your readers into specific points. Simply put, you should start with general information and then narrow it down to your specific points.

The 5 Types of Hooks for Writing

Aside from the strategies mentioned previously, there are several other types of hooks that can be used:

  1. A Common Misconception — To begin, a good trick is to claim that something your readers believe in is not true.

Example:“Although many falsely believe that people working from home are less productive – employees who get such work-life benefits generally work harder.”

  1. Statistics — statistical data can serve as an excellent hook for persuasive essays and serious topics that necessitate delving into numbers.

Example:“A recent study showed that people who are satisfied with their work-life balance work 21% harder and are 33% more likely to stay at the same company.”

  1. Personal Story — Personal stories can be effective hooks in some cases, but only if they can be condensed into a few sentences (for example, in narrative essays).

Example:“When I had my first work from home experience, I suddenly realized the importance of having a good work-life balance; I saw plenty of the benefits it can provide.”

  1. Scenes — this type of hook requires the reader to imagine what you’re writing about. It is best suited for descriptive and narrative essays.

Example:“Imagine you could have as much free time as you wish by working or studying from home—and spend more time with your loved ones.”

  1. Thesis Statement — Some essayists begin with their thesis statement. The main trick here is that there is no trick at all.

Example:“I strongly believe that there is a direct correlation between a healthy work-life balance and productivity in school or at work.”

Part 2: Connections

After you’ve provided a hook and some background information about your essay topic, move on to providing readers with a better understanding of what you’ll be discussing throughout your paper. In this section of your introduction, you should briefly mention your key ideas in the same order that you will discuss them later, gradually leading your reader(s) to your thesis statement.

Some of the key questions to answer in this part of your introduction are:

  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • How?
  • Why?
  • And so on.

Answering these questions in 2-3 sentences each will help you ensure that you provide your readers with complete information about your essay’s topic. However, make sure that these sentences are brief and to the point.

Your main goal is to gradually transition from general information about your topic to something more specific (i.e. your thesis statement). Consider your introduction as an upside-down triangle to simplify the process. The attention grabber (read hook) is at the top of this triangle, followed by a broader explanation of the topic, and finally by a very specific claim. Here’s a quick tip for writing an essay introduction using the “upside-down triangle” strategy:

  • Make each sentence in your introduction a little more narrow and specific than the one before it. This simple trick will assist you in gradually drawing your reader(s) into the main body of your paper.


  • Assume you’re writing a paper on the significance of work-life balance. In this case, you could ask, “Have you ever considered how a good work-life balance can influence different aspects of your life?” or another hook, then proceed by providing general facts and statistics, and finally, narrow down your topic to match your thesis statement.

Part 3: The Thesis Statement

If you’re wondering how to write the best introduction possible, you should focus on developing your core statement.

Without a doubt, the most important your paper thesis. It must be included in your paper’s introductory clause, as your entire essay revolves around this statement. A thesis statement, in a nutshell, provides your audience with a brief summary of the paper’s main claim. In the body section of your paper, your key claim is what you will reveal or argue about. A good thesis statement is usually very concise (detailed in one sentence), accurate, specific, clear, and focused. Typically, your thesis should appear at the end of your introductory paragraph/section.

Here’s an example thesis statement for an essay about the importance of work-life balance to give you a better idea of what a good thesis should look like:

Thesis Statement Example:“ To increase overall employee productivity, large corporations should create comfortable and flexible work schedules for their employees, allowing them to have a better work-life balance.”

Catchy Introductions for Different Essay Types

Although introductory paragraphs typically follow a consistent structure, the content contained within its text may vary. The context differences are defined by the type of essay you will be working on, as well as its overall purpose.

When it comes to writing an academic essay, students are most frequently confronted with four major types of papers. Narrative, analytical, persuasive, and personal essays are examples. Because the purpose of each essay type differs, it is assumed that different content should appear in these introductory paragraphs. Here is a comprehensive guide for various paper types, complete with good essay introduction examples:

Narrative Introduction

  •  A narrative essay is a type of writing in which the writer is required to tell a story. The main purpose of such papers is essentially simple storytelling, which distinguishes this type of essay from others.
  •  Typically, the hook for such a paper will be an intriguing sneak peek into a specific part of the story that is indirectly related to the thesis statement. Furthermore, when writing such an essay, a writer should make certain that each claim in the introduction is related to some important moments in the story that have also had a significant impact on the story’s outcome.
  •  In narrative writing, the thesis is usually the theme or main lesson learned from the story.

Narrative introduction example:“ ONCE upon a time, there were four children named Peter, Susan, Lucy, and Edmund. This story is about what happened to them when they were evacuated from London during the war due to air raids. They were taken to the home of an elderly Professor who lived in the country, far from everything. He didn’t have a wife and lived in a large house. He was an elderly gentleman with thick white hair. The kids liked him right away.” The Narnia Chronicles, The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, Lewis, C. S.

Analytical Introduction

  • Another common essay type is analytical essay writing. An analytical paper, as opposed to a narrative paper, seeks to dissect an idea and educate its readers on a specific topic.
  • When writing such a paper, students can use any valuable information related to their thesis statement as a hook for their introductory paragraph. A good hook, for example, would be a rhetorical question or a relevant and informative sentence that gives readers hints about the paper’s main point.
  • Three critical pieces of information that help to validate the analytical thesis should be included in the middle section of the introduction.
  • Because the primary goal of this paper is to analyze subject matter and educate readers, a well-researched and well-thought-out claim will serve as an excellent thesis. However, it is critical to ensure that this claim has no actual weight at the outset. Although it should be phrased factually, it will still be theoretical.

Analytical introduction example“… As a result, even though presidents, CEOs, and generals continue to have their days filled with economic crises and military conflicts, on the cosmic scale of history, humanity can lift its eyes up and begin to look towards new horizons.” If we are successful in controlling famine, plague, and war, what will take their place at the top of the human agenda? Humanity in the twenty-first century, like firefighters in a world without fire, must ask itself an unprecedented question: what are we going to do with ourselves? What will demand our attention and ingenuity in a healthy, prosperous, and harmonious world? This question becomes even more pressing in light of the enormous new powers that biotechnology and information technology are providing us. What are we going to do with all of this power? …” A Brief History of Tomorrow, Homo Deus, Harari, Yuval Noah

Persuasive Introduction

  • The sole purpose of persuasive essay writing is to persuade readers of something. You can accomplish this by employing persuasive techniques such as ethos, pathos, and logos.
  • In such a paper, a hook statement can be anything – from an interesting fact to even humor – you can use whatever strategy you want. The key point is to keep your hook consistent with your thesis and to ensure that it can also serve as a foundation for further argumentation.
  • Generally, writing a persuasive essay necessitates the inclusion of at least three supporting facts. As a result, in the middle of your introduction, include a brief outline of each of your three points to gradually guide readers into the main topic of your paper.
  • Finally, the thesis statement for such a paper should be the main claim that you will be debating. It should be a well-thought-out and confidently written sentence that briefly summarizes your entire essay’s point of persuasion.

Persuasive introduction example:“ Most people are aware that Abraham Lincoln lived in a log cabin, wore a stovepipe hat, delivered the Gettysburg Address, and led the United States through a calamitous war. But did you know that our sixteenth president enjoyed telling ridiculous stories, reading funny books, collecting jokes and puns, and laughing, laughing, laughing? This unique biography reveals many of the reasons why Lincoln was such a great president. It wasn’t just his speeches, wisdom, or stature. It was also his witty sense of humour. What better way to thrive in difficult times (and to lead others through them) than to laugh loudly and for a long time? ” Lincoln’s Joke: How Laughter Saved the President” (and the Country), Ms. Kathleen Krull

Personal Introduction

  •  A Personal Essay is the final type of academic writing that students frequently encounter. In a nutshell, this is a creative nonfiction piece that requires the author to reflect on personal experiences. The goal of such a paper is to share a story, discuss the lessons learned from certain experiences, and so on. This is the most personal type of writing, which distinguishes it from the other paper types.
  • The hook for such an essay can be anything you want it to be. It is acceptable to use a pertinent quote, question, joke, piece of information related to the main story, or anything else. Then you should give a brief explanation of your story’s background. Finally, a thesis statement can be a brief summary of how certain experiences influenced you and what you learned from them.

Personal introduction example:“ When I thought about it, that felicity prompted me to say that if it were offered to me, I would have no objection to reliving the same life from the beginning, only using the advantages authors have in a second edition to correct some flaws in the first. So, in addition to correcting the flaws, I may alter some of the sinister accidents and events to make them more favorable. Despite the fact that this was denied, I should still accept the offer. Because such a repetition is unlikely, the next best thing to reliving one’s life appears to be a recollection of that life, and to make that recollection as durable as possible by putting it down in writing.” Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography, Benjamin Franklin

Tips for Writing a Winning Introduction Paragraph

Given that you now understand how to begin a good introduction and have some clear introduction examples to get you started, let’s quickly go over the key takeaways of what you should and shouldn’t do when writing your introduction.


  • Keep in mind the purpose of your assignment and make sure your introduction reflects it.
  • Begin with an engaging and appropriate hook that captures the reader’s attention from the first line.
  • Be clear by ensuring that your readers fully understand your position.
  • If necessary, explain key terms related to your topic.
  • Demonstrate your knowledge of your subject.
  • Give your reader(s) a metaphorical road map to help them understand what you’ll be covering in the paper.
  • Be concise – it is recommended that your introductory paragraph account for approximately 8-9 percent of the total number of words in your paper (for example, 160 words for a 2000 words essay).
  • Create a strong and clear thesis statement.
  • Keep it interesting.
  • Ensure that your introduction flows logically and smoothly into the body of your paper.

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  • Include an excessive amount of background information.
  • Deviate from the topic or include superfluous sentences.
  • Excessive length in your introduction (unless you are writing something like a 30-page paper).
  • Give everything away. Keep some things hidden to keep your reader(s) interested and then reveal them later.
  • Employ cliches or broad generalizations.
  • Be overly broad.
  • Make excessive use of quotations.

Still Can’t Think of a Perfect Intro?

When students are assigned to write an essay, they often have a slew of questions, such as “How to Structure an Essay?”, “How to Choose a Good Topic?”, “How to Conduct Research?”, and so on. However, one of the most frequently asked questions is, “How do you write a good introduction?” Hopefully, our guide helped you grasp the key takeaways for writing a flawless essay introduction paragraph. But, if you’re still having trouble, remember that you can always send us your “do my homework” request to get professional help from our essay writing service. At Grade Office, we only hire the best essay writers who are dedicated to the success of our students.