How to Write an Essay

What Exactly Is an Essay?

As we get closer to essay writing, let’s first review the definition of an essay. So, what exactly is an essay? It is a brief composition on a specific subject or theme, usually completed by students as part of their school or university workload. Essays are top-rated and are assigned as a task in every college and academic institution because they are an excellent tool for developing various life skills such as analytical thinking, research, creative skills, and so on.

This article will look at writing tips that will help you get an A on your essay. To begin, to master the art of writing an essay, you must do the following:

  • Select an essay type and format.
  • Create a topic.
  • Perform research
  • Create a thesis statement.
  • Outline your essay.
  • Create a rough draft as well as the article itself.
  • Examine your spelling and grammar.

Let’s go over each step of learning how to write a good essay in depth.


  1. Decide on an Essay Type and Format

In this step, you must specify the type of paper you are writing. There are four main types of essays:

  • Descriptive — describes a specific subject or situation
  • Persuasive — persuade the reader to accept a particular point of view.
  • Informative — provide information that your readers do not already know.
  • Explanatory — explains a specific process or situation, such as baking a cake.


Essays of the Most Popular Types:

  • 5-Paragraph Essay: This is a five-paragraph essay written in the traditional five-paragraph format. It is appropriate for persuasive, expository, and narrative texts.
  • Persuasive: The purpose of this paper is to persuade the audience of a particular topic or idea.
  • Cause-and-Effect: This is an essay in which a situation is presented, and an in-depth analysis of the outcomes is provided.
  • Compare-and-contrast: This one necessitates a critical examination of the similarities and differences between the two items.
  • Creative Writing: The author selects their topic and style to create a unique story in this type of writing.
  • Narrative: Narrative writing is similar to creative writing in that the writer creates a story, but they must follow a specific set of formatting instructions in this case.
  • Expository: The purpose of this paper is to educate the reader or audience on a specific topic or idea. Persuasions and opinions are not included.
  • Process: This type of assignment explains the “How.” It usually has a step-by-step format.
  • Descriptive: This essay provides a comprehensive overview of a specific topic or thing. It goes over each of the five senses in detail.
  • Analytical: This type of paper requires a thorough examination of a subject or idea. It is necessary to think critically and to apply personal inferences.


Requirements for Essay Format and Style

An introductory essay has three major sections: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Flexibility is also essential. Your writing and organization should be guided by the topic of your academic paper and the specific assignment guide.

Essays are relatively strict in terms of commonly used essay format requirements. While single-spaced papers are usually acceptable, double-spaced essays are preferable. You should delineate your paragraphs. A single tab at the start of each section is also sufficient. Times, Arial, Calibri, and Cambria are the most popular fonts.

There are numerous methods for citing sources from your research. The citation style you will use may vary depending on the academic subject you are studying in high school or college. As an example:

  • The APA (American Psychological Association) is primarily used by students pursuing degrees in Education, Psychology, and Science.
  • For Humanities subjects, MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used.
  • For Business, History, and Fine Arts, the Chicago/Turabian style is used.

In terms of length, average high school essay lengths range from 300 to 1000 words, college admission essays typically range from 200-650 words, and undergraduate college essays can range from 1500 to 5000 comments. You should also always pay attention to your professor’s requirements, usually included with your assignment.


  1. Create a Topic

It’s time to think of a topic. When deciding what to write about, it may be helpful to write down everything that comes to mind and then narrow it down later. To help you brainstorm and develop an essay idea, you can use clustering or mind mapping. Brainstorming is highly beneficial at this stage because it allows you to dig deeper into your topic(s). It also allows you to see connections between different aspects of your case.

Consider the following when deciding what to write about:

  • Before you begin writing a paper, make sure you have access to all of the materials you may require. If you have the option, choose a topic that is familiar to you. It will be enjoyable and straightforward for you to write about a topic in which you are well-versed.
  • Define The Objective: Are you attempting to educate the audience or persuade them to agree with your point of view? Even if your goal is to tell a story, you should clearly understand why you are writing. This ensures that the audience understands you correctly and does not waste time or effort.
  • Depth of Study: What point on the depth scale do you intend to reach? How broad or narrow do you want your discussion to be? Finding the golden middle is the best option. Make sure your topic isn’t too in-depth, as if only you understand what you’re talking about. Then, make sure it isn’t too broad or too narrow – this ensures that you’ll be able to find enough information.
  • Create a heading. The heading should be brief, concise, and straightforward. It should clearly state the topic of your paper in the best way possible. It should be exciting and catchy as well.

Common blunders when selecting an essay topic:

  • Choosing a dull topic because it is simple to write about. Writing about a boring subject will result in a flat paper. Choosing a broad topic, such as “computer games,” rather than something more specific, such as “computer games and the violent effects they can have on children.”
  • A desire to appear intelligent by selecting complex and unusual topics. If an issue is too complicated, it may be challenging to find enough information about it or to convey it to your readers.
  • Making an inappropriate title that does not correspond to the content/topic. Keep in mind that a good essay title can help your paper stand out.
  • Choosing a title that is unrelated to the specific assignment.
  • Create a heading. The heading should be brief, concise, and straightforward. It should clearly state the topic of your paper in the best way possible. It should be exciting and catchy as well.


  1. How to Begin an Essay: Conduct Research

To write a good essay, you must always conduct research. In addition to going to the library or searching online, you can interview subject matter experts. Talk to people, ask them to share their experiences, watch interviews on YouTube and other platforms, and search social media. These are always practical ways to begin an essay.


  1. Create a Thesis

A thesis statement is one sentence that summarizes the topic of the essay. This basic premise can be used to write the rest of your paper. It should be specific and only about what you intend to discuss in your writing. You will then need to back it up with evidence.


  1. Organizing Your Essay

The outline of your paper is the skeleton of your essay. It is excellent for ensuring that your article is logical, well-organized, and flows correctly. Systems assist you in visualizing the logical steps of development in your essay. It can organize ideas, main arguments, and supporting sources. Outlining your writing is essential because it will guide your pen and keep you on track.


What Is an Outline?

Let’s look at an outline example to find out:


  • The hook statement;
  • a preview of the subtopics you will cover in the body;
  • This is a thesis statement.


Paragraphs in the body:

  • The first subtopic must be stated in the topic sentence, preceded by a transition.
  • A claim is an argument that will be defended.
  • Evidence is information that backs up a claim.
  • An explanation explains how the evidence supports the claim.
  • Sentence of conclusion


Concluding Paragraph:

  • Restatement of the thesis statement;
  • Rephrasing main subtopics;
  • Concluding statement.



First impressions are always important. The essay introduction is your opportunity to pique the reader’s interest and persuade them to read the rest of the paper. Every introduction must include:

  • pique the reader’s interest;
  • Give background information on the subject;
  • The main argument or thesis statement should be revealed.
  • The attention-grabber is also known as a hook. Depending on the type of essay and the audience, hooks can be anecdotal or informative. A strong hook will entice the reader to read on.

Background information provides context for the reader and fully comprehend the writer’s point of view. The thesis statement is the essay’s main argument or focus.


Paragraphs in the body

This section of your assignment requires you to explain and develop the main ideas of your topic. It follows the introduction but before the conclusion. This is almost always the most extended section of the paper. Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, then write a supporting point for that idea and conclude by expanding on it (a description, explanation, or example).

The body paragraphs should be structured as follows:

  • A clear topic sentence;
  • Specific evidence or supporting details;
  • Transitions between sentences and paragraphs;
  • A concluding sentence connects the evidence or details to the main point and brings the paragraph to a logical conclusion.



This brings us to the final section – the conclusion of the essay. This section summarizes the paper, reminds the reader of your thesis, and leaves them with some closing thoughts. Here is what you should include in your conclusion:

  • Make your introduction more specific by speaking about specifics;
  • Rephrase your thesis—it will make more sense after the reader has finished reading your paper.
  • Remind the reader of the significance of your arguments.
  • Finish with a final thought or general statement.
  • Bring no new ideas to a conclusion.


  1. Essay Composition

You can create a complete, cohesive, and clear essay now that you have the outline or basic skeleton.


The Initial Rough Draft

The goal of writing a rough draft is straightforward. Nobody can write an essay flawlessly on the first try. After you’ve completed a rough draft, go over it again and follow this advice:

  • Examine the clarity of your writing and, if necessary, delete any unnecessary content. Check it for grammar errors as well.
  • Examine the flow of your writing and include appropriate transitions between paragraphs (if not already there).
  • Make sure that your paper is focused on the topic you’ve chosen.

In your paragraphs, you should try to support your thesis with information. Each section should have a topic sentence, which is the most crucial sentence in the paragraph and tells readers what the rest of the paragraph is about. Also, make sure that everything flows together. Transition words can be instrumental in this situation. They link paragraphs and keep your paper from sounding disjointed.


Before Submitting an Essay, Ask Yourself the Following Questions:

  • Did you conduct adequate research on the subject?
  • Do you have a compelling thesis?
  • Did you use the best examples to back up your claim?
  • Have you presented your topic successfully in the first draft?
  • Is the conclusion an intriguing look into the topic’s future?


  1. Proofreading Spelling and Grammar

After you’ve finished writing the paper, reread it to look for errors or typos. Remember to double-check for technical mistakes, grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Also, include transitions between paragraphs so that your writing flows smoothly rather than just jumping from one idea to the next.