How to Write an Academic Essay

May 29, 2019

If there is
one thing that student life cannot be imagined without, it’s the variety of
academic assignments you will need to complete on a daily basis. You will get
assignments of every possible length and difficulty level for almost any
subject you ever study, which is why it’s so important to understand exactly
how to write an academic paper.

How to Write an Academic Essay

Creating an
academic essay requires top-notch writing skills, but even brilliant writers
often fail when it comes to academic papers. It also requires outstanding
research skills, an ability to adapt to new topics and guidelines, and a
creative approach to writing and formatting. Want to have an academic paper
written for you by professional authors with decades of experience in
scientific writing? Order a custom essay from our service! If you still want to
try your hand at writing an academic essay, here is our complete guide.

How to Write a Good Introduction

We are used to
thinking of the introduction as the way to introduce your topic to your
audience. It’s true that before your readers can dive deeper into the subject
of the essay, they first need to get acquainted with the topic. However, the
introduction also establishes the context for the topic, which is equally
important for a better understanding of the subject.

Moreover, an
introduction is helpful for the writer, not only for the reader. With a
well-written introduction, the writer can sufficiently narrow down the topic of
the essay and stay focused on its most important aspects. That is why so much
effort goes into creating a strong introduction for your essay.

Even though an
introduction is the first part of any essay structures example, most students
admit that they actually write the introduction after they have finished the
rest of the paper. In order to provide a good foundation for your essay, your
introduction needs to contain the following information:

  • Background on the subject, which
    will help the readers understand the context and the specifics of your topic.
  • A thesis statement, where you will
    specify your main point of the work that you will later prove with the
    remaining parts of the paper.
  • Information on how you plan to
    research the topic and how you will approach proving the thesis statement.

While the
whole introduction is important for the success of your essay, the opening
sentence matters even more. With the opening statement, you can either
stimulate your audience to read the paper until the very last word or close it
and never open it again.

According to
the most successful essay writers, the most effective way to open an
introduction for an academic paper is to use a hook. It can be a question, an
anecdote, a surprising fact, some statistics, or even an image. The choice of
the opening sentence depends on the subject of the essay and the audience you
imagine for your paper.

Read the Instructions Carefully

When you are
given an assignment for an academic essay by your professor, the first thing
you should do is carefully read the assignment details and make sure you fully
understand them. If necessary, read the assignment several times until you have
a 100% understanding of what you are asked to do.

The objectives
for an academic paper can be very different. In some cases, you will be asked
to perform a critical analysis of a concept. In others, your job will be to do
a comparison and contrast essay. Sometimes, you will be given a work of art and
analyze it. Only when you know for a fact what you should do in your paper, you
can move on to the next stages of the writing process.

Formatting Requirements

The assignment
details will often also contain information on how you need to format your
paper. Stick to those requirements, since they will be detrimental for your
final grade. Formatting details can include everything from the text length to
the cover page formatting. If the assignment does not contain any formatting
requirements, you can use the most commonly accepted ones:

  • Double-spaced text
  • 1-inch margins on all sides
  • 12pt font
  • A legible font like Times New

If you are not
sure how to format the cover page or organize other details of your future
essay, you can look for an academic goals essay example written by someone from
your school to not down the formatting details that you can later use in your

Citation and Citation Styles

There is a
good chance that the upcoming academic essay assignment isn’t the first one you
ever complete, which means that by now you should already be familiar with
various citation styles. There can be one citation guide accepted in your
school, but the choice of the style also depends on the specifics of the paper.

For example,
MLA and Chicago styles are often used in papers on literature, history, and
other humanities. APA citations are frequently used in papers on social
studies, while the AMA style is often seen in the paper from the medical field.
There are also several less common citation styles used in various disciplines,
so if you want to make sure you are using the right one, better ask your

There is no
point in explaining every citation style here, as they are widely available in
detail on the internet. However, it’s worth noting that with some citation
styles, every comma and period matter, which means you should be very

Asking for Clarification

Whenever you
have doubts about the specifics of the assignment or ran into trouble while
writing your academic essay, don’t hesitate to contact your instructors. They
will gladly explain to you the details, give you a helping hand if you are
struggling, and will be generally impressed that you take the assignment very

Narrowing a Topic Idea

Sometimes you
are given a specific assignment, in which case all that is left for you to do
is begin working on the paper. However, sometimes you will be given a bit of
creative freedom and asked to choose your own topic for the essay. Pick a topic
that is not only easy to write about but also interests you personally — only
when you are sufficiently passionate about the topic, you will be motivated
enough to do a fantastic job with your writing.

The Structure of Your Future Work

While there
are some types of academic papers that have very specific structures, in most
cases you will need to work with the standard structure. The standard structure
of an academic essay includes:

  1. An introduction, which explains the topic of the essay
    and motivates the reader to finish your essay without giving away too much
  2. Body paragraphs, where you explain the subject of the
    essay in details. The typical number of body paragraphs in an essay is
    three, although you can go with more or less depending on the topic and
    level of the paper. Keep in mind that in order to keep the readers
    interested, your paragraphs shouldn’t be too long.
  3. A conclusion, where you briefly sum up everything you
    have written before and reinstate the validity of your thesis statement.
    Make sure not to include any brand new information in your essay

Researching Your Topic

No matter how
much you know about the topic, you can’t write a complete essay based only on
your knowledge. In order to create a strong academic paper, you will need a
significant number of credible sources. There are several ways to look for the
sources for your paper:

  • Your instructor may suggest some
    scientific literature to help you with your writing.
  • Find a Wikipedia entry for your
    topic and look at the list of references — some of them can be successfully
    used for your own paper.
  • Use your school resources to
    locate relevant books and publications.

Construct an Essay

If you look at
any favorite academic subject essay example, you will see that it has a neat,
concise look that can only be achieved through thoughtful work on the paper.
Your work on an academic essay will include the following stages:

  1. Devise a thesis statement that you will put at the end of your introduction and will refer to at several points of the essay. The thesis is the main argument of your work, but it shouldn’t be too long — a 1-2 thesis statement works best.
  2. Create an outline for your paper. An outline will help you organize your ideas and always know which stage of the writing process you are currently at. Follow the classic structure of an academic essay or ask your instructor for their preferred essay structure.
  3. Introduce your arguments. Each argument should be explained in a separate paragraph. Start the paragraph with a topic sentence and then offer evidence that supports your arguments.
  4. Create smooth transitions from one part of the essay to the other with the help of transitional words and phrases. They will make reading the essay easier and will give the paper a polished, scientific look.
  5. Include counterarguments in your paper. Acknowledging the potential objections of your opponents and offering a strong rebuttal for each one of them is a sign of a true scholar.

Concluding Remarks

The conclusion
to your academic essay may be the shortest part of the paper, but it’s also the
part that your readers will remember the most. The point of the conclusion is
to summarize and synthesize everything that has been said earlier without
offering any new ideas or evidence. Use the conclusion as another opportunity
to remind why your thesis statement is true.

Editing an Academic Paper

Editing and
proofreading an academic essay is the only way to make sure that you don’t
submit a paper filled with logical and grammatical mistakes and ruin your
grade. Here are some tips for editing your work like a pro:

  • Read the paper out loud to see any
    misused words, overly long or short sentences, and any other problems that may
    prevent the reader from having a smooth reading session.
  • Check the spelling and punctuation
    of the paper using one of the many spell checking tools online.
  • Wait for a day or two before
    giving your paper a final read and see anything you may have missed at the
    previous stages.

Essay Examples

An academic essay example is the best way to understand the writing format and the nature of the assignment. We have prepared some quality academic paper examples below that you can use for your study needs.

Click here for getting custom academic essay

for any academic level and budget and discover a new, stress-free way to complete assignments for school.

How to Write an Academic Essay

A large portion of university and high school education is based on writing academic essays. They are most effective at demonstrating students’ knowledge of a subject and showcasing their abilities to gather and present information and data. In this guide, we are going to explain to you how to write an excellent academic essay and show you the different types you can choose from.


What Is an Academic Essay?

In a nutshell, an academic essay is a structured form of writing students face in school, college, and university as a part of their curricula. The most common purposes of such writing are to either present some new pieces of information or to use existing facts and knowledge to deliver specific ideas. This type of assignment allows students to demonstrate their knowledge and creativity and encourages them to develop their ideas to communicate a message.

Get Your Academic Essay Written!

Simply send us your paper requirements, choose a writer and we’ll get it done

Write My Paper For Me

Compared to other types of academic writing, essays are usually shorter in length and present the authors’ opinions to support their arguments. Here are some key features of an academic essay for you to keep in mind:

  • Conciseness

    — as a rule, essays are short; the length of such papers range from 200 to 500 words.

  • Topic

    — due to their short lengths, a perfect topic for an essay should be narrowed-down and not too broad.

  • Well-structured text

    — although essays can be considered as one of the least formal types of writing, they still need to have a solid structure and follow the proper academic paper format.

  • Clear central idea

    — every academic essay should deliver a specific point that should be clear and powerful (i.e. thesis statement).

  • Personal motivation

    — unlike other types of writing, essays often imply that their authors are personally interested in the subjects they are discussing.

  • Supporting facts, evidence, and examples

    — although essays may present an author’s personal beliefs and ideas, they should also provide arguments that support those ideas.

It helps to develop your academic writing skills early—as they are skills you will carry forward throughout your studies and lifetime. People who are good at writing academic essays also tend to be able to articulate themselves more clearly, and tend to have more confidence when speaking.

To fully understand how and when to use an academic essay, we need to look at the main types of them.

Types of Academic Essays

Academic writing can be categorized into four main types of essays that serve unique purposes—though some share similar structures. With that being said, the four types of academic papers are narrative, descriptive, expository, and persuasive.

Expository and persuasive types are most commonly seen in university curriculums as they are more scientific and objective. Narrative and descriptive essays are more subjective and engage your creativity. Now, let’s break down each type and look at each academic essay definition.

Narrative Essay

This type of writing requires the author to create a compelling story of practically anything imaginable. In other words, it is a super-condensed version of a novel. This type of essay requires students to demonstrate their creative abilities. Therefore, it implies the constant use of strong adjectives. Their use will help the author of an essay to create a strong, graphic picture for their story and enhance the audience’s perception of the topic. Although telling a compelling story is basically the main purpose of this type of essay, there is much more to it than there seems. A well-written narration should also have a point that is “written between the lines”. Simply put, there should be a clear message delivered through the text. By putting a hidden message between the lines, you motivate the reader to read the paper in its entirety as it sparks their curiosity.

Here you can find more information on

how to write a narrative essay

Descriptive Essay

In short, in this type of essay, the author chooses a specific thing, experience, emotion, or idea and describes it for the reader. Just like with narrative writing, this style requires the author to be subjective and creative. And, just like a narrative essay, the author is meant to draw a picture in the audience’s eyes. Another key to success in writing a descriptive essay is carefully selecting words. Such a paper should evoke certain emotions in the reader and connect them to the object of discussion. Finally, the paper should describe the subject in simple terms. When the reader understands the subject well after reading an essay – that’s when you know you have written a stellar

descriptive paper


Expository Essay

Another type of academic writing — an expository essay is used to help readers understand subject matter by providing grounded information and facts. This type of writing requires its author to support all of the information included in the paper with valid evidence.

An expository paper

is no place for opinions or personal views on a subject. A quality paper should use analysis that consists of factual information on its subject. The author’s key goal is to inform and educate the audience through clear logic and facts. Just to give you an example, this “How to Write an Academic Essay” article can be considered as expository writing.

Persuasive Essay

Writing a


paper requires one to embrace the role of a salesman (or saleswoman). You can state an opinion, project, or idea which you then have to sell to your reader(s). The logic behind how you supply the reader(s) with information should be impenetrable, leaving them with no doubt that what you are expressing is the only truth they need to know. Cater your points carefully to avoid being pushy, and hide your sales tactic behind well-thought-out sentences. When it comes to defending an argument, you can use logical tactics, emotional tactics, or a mix of both; this depends on what you are attempting to argue.

Good Academic Essay Topics

Logically, topics will vary based on the style of writing you are creating. Sometimes you can find the same topic within separate academic essay categories, but the main content will always vary depending on the category of paper you write about. That being said, here are some good academic essay topics for high school and college students:

Narrative Essay Topics

  • Describe how you and your family survived the quarantine. Explain how it affected you.
  • Talk about your experience of being engaged in remote learning. How did it affect your grades and overall performance? Do you think that remote education is better or worse than the traditional alternative?
  • Write a story that explains the importance of technology in the modern person’s life.
  • Write a story that explains the value of every person’s contribution to the process of solving the global problem of climate change.

Descriptive Essay Topics

  • Describe a person who has had the biggest impact on your life.
  • What is the most significant recent event in global history?
  • Describe the experience of falling in love. How does it affect one’s personality?
  • Describe the most impactful piece of art or music you have ever seen. What traits do you think define powerful art?

Expository Essay Topics

  • Why does the rate of teen suicides keep increasing? What forces youth to commit suicide?
  • What can each individual do to contribute to the prevention of climate change and reduce the threats it brings with it?
  • What strategies can our society adopt to recover after the global pandemic as quickly and painlessly as possible?
  • George Floyd’s death and the police’s abuse of authority: What can we do to prevent future cases?

Persuasive/Argumentative Essay Topics

  • Should the government make relevant amendments to the constitution to restrict the actions permitted by police officers during arrests?
  • Should we keep on following self-distancing rules even now since the danger has diminished?
  • Gun control: Provide arguments for stricter gun control in the US.
  • Should technology (apart from those devices used for educational purposes) be banned in colleges?

Don’t have time to finish reading all of this? Count on the support of our professional writers. We process all ”

write a essay for me

” requests fast.

Proceed To Order

Proper Format for Your Academic Writing

Usually, an academic essay follows the standard 5-paragraph structure: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Moreover, each section will have its own unique internal structure. The introduction’s main goal is to introduce the topic and to reveal the essay’s main message (a.k.a. the thesis statement). The body paragraphs’ primary tasks are to defend the thesis with 3 sub arguments—1 per paragraph. Lastly, the conclusion is there to wrap up the entire argument and to leave a lasting impression in the form of an overall concluding statement. Down below we have presented a graphic organizer that illustrates the breakdown.

Academic Essay Format

Start Off the Writing Process by Creating an Outline

Before commencing any academic writing, you need to create four essential components that need to be answered beforehand. They are the thesis statement, subpoints, a connection, and the summary.

  • Thesis Statement:

    This is the focal point of your writing and one of your introductory paragraphs’ key elements.  It is the main message the author is trying to deliver.

  • Body Points

    (Subpoints): These are the key points or statements that you will use to support your thesis.

  • Connection:

    When writing an academic essay, it is important to tie it directly or indirectly to the real world. Provide a reason why it is important to you or why it is relevant to society. This will fill your paper with new meaning and showcase your unique way of thinking.

  • Summary:

    This is a short and strong statement that briefly explains your given points.

You might also be interested in getting more info about

how to write an outline

in MLA and APA styles

To help you get a better idea of how to shape a perfect outline for your essay, here is a sample outline for a paper written about “Police Brutality and Its Impact on the Society”:

  1. Introduction
  • Hook: Statistics show that in 2019 alone, almost two thousand people were killed due to police brutality.
  • Background information and explanation of key terms: The term “police brutality” refers to the excessive, unwarranted, and often illegal use of force by the policemen. Throughout the US, and throughout global history, there have been plenty of cases of fatal force that range from assault to torture, and even murder. Moreover, statistical data indicates that the levels of violent crime in the United State do not determine the rates of police violence. That is why, recently, police brutality has become a real and prevalent issue that is being widely discussed and spotlighted in the media.
  • Thesis statement: The unwarranted use of force is a real problem that has a significant impact on how people view their society, and it has to be addressed appropriately to prevent further growth of discontent and violence.
  1. Main Body
  • Point 1 + example/evidence
  • Point 2 + example/evidence
  • Point 3 + example/evidence
  1. Conclusion
  • Summary of the key points discussed in the main body.
  • Restatement of the thesis statement.
  • A final sentence that leaves readers with more to consider.

Once you have created a proper outline, listed your main points, and collected evidence to support your ideas, it is time to start writing your paper. A lot of people choose to come up with a title before the writing process as it helps them set the mood for their work. Others prefer writing first and then creating a title based on their written information. The second option is more suitable for writing a narrative or descriptive essays, as the title’s meaning could be abstract. However, when it comes to expository and persuasive papers, it is important to set a specific essay title and to follow its general theme.

Introduction: How to Start an Academic Essay

The academic essay format we are talking about in this article is pretty basic. It has been widely used to create high-quality essay examples for university for years. The main reason students still use it is that it is considered to be the most effective in terms of delivering information to the reader.

Where to start: When writing any academic writing assignment, a student should begin by shaping a solid introduction.

Quick tip:

If you are not too experienced in writing academic papers, don’t hesitate to find a good academic paper example to give you an idea about how to make a good introduction. Looking at good samples can help to get you going.

A reader’s attention span is at its peak at the very beginning of a paper, when they just start reading, so your introductory paragraph will basically set the tone for the entire academic paper. Luckily, our site can share a few handy and highly effective techniques to help you build a

compelling introduction


First of all, you should begin with a powerful


. The term “hook” is used to refer to the first sentence of the introduction paragraph—the main purpose of which is to grab the reader’s attention and encourage them to read on. To help you get on the right track, here are some of the best tactics for creating a hook that works:

  • Quote:

    Starting an introduction with a creative and meaningful quote is one of the most popular techniques for introducing a paper. When the quote is chosen right, it can make a powerful impact on a reader and set the right tone for the entire essay. Therefore, quotes often serve as good openers. However, it is vital to pick the right quote that will directly relate to your topic and does not distract your reader from your topic’s main point.

  • Fact:

    Another common opening technique is to begin an essay with a factual statement or statistic. This is most helpful when writing an expository or persuasive essay, as, in this case, such an opener will add credibility to your paper. Also, starting with a fact will demonstrate that you have researched your topic well.

  • Rhetorical Question:

    Finally, another way to begin your essay is to start with a rhetorical question. This technique will help you to connect more with your reader(s). A good rhetorical question will stick in your reader’s mind as they go through the rest of the paper. However, it is important that you answer the rhetorical question from the introduction in your essay’s body or, at least, guide your audience towards a relevant observation.

Bad Hook Example:

“Police brutality must stop.” – This is not intriguing and does not grab the reader’s attention, though it gives the reader an idea of what the essay will be about.

Good Hook Example:

“I don’t have a gun. Stop shooting.” – This hook will have a stronger impact on a reader because it is a famous quote from a police-brutality victim. Consequently, it hints on the topic of the essay, but keeps the intrigue.

When you have a powerful hook, it is time to give your readers an insight into the essay’s main topic. Since the main theme of the paper may not yet be evidently clear at this point, you need to narrow down your paper’s focus by introducing some valuable contextual background information. Outlining the background data will help readers understand how the topic will unfold throughout the paper. Finally, after you provide the background, it is time to shape your golden sentence (a.k.a. thesis statement).

In a nutshell, the thesis statement is the key theme, idea, or argument of your essay. In other words, it summarizes the entire message you are going to deliver in a single sentence.

Bonus tip:

When shaping your thesis statement, do not overload it with unnecessary information. Keep it straight to the point and concise. Remember that the main purposes of this sentence are to lay out the focus of the paper and to introduce the readers to the main ideas you will cover within the body paragraphs.

Bad Thesis Statement Example:

“Police violence is bad for society.” – This is too short and does not indicate a solid opinion from the author.

Good Thesis Statement Example:

“The unwarranted use of force is a real problem that has a significant influence on society and has to be addressed appropriately to prevent the growth of discontent and violence further.” – This is concise, but detailed enough to let the readers understand the purpose of the writing. It is logical and states the clear position the author supports.

The Main Body

The body paragraphs of your essay will be the source of information for your audience. The main body is always the biggest part of a 5 paragraph assignment and requires the most attention. When writing your body paragraphs, your main points should be stated according to the order of your outline and should support your

thesis statement

with valid arguments and facts. If you deviate from that, it’s going to confuse the audience, especially those who are very attentive to your essay’s flow.

Here are the main requirements for writing a strong body section:

  • Accuracy

    : Be cautious with information and do not contradict yourself. Include the relevant subpoints (based on the body paragraphs) you presented in your thesis.

Bad Example:

Due to the rapid growth of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, we can assume that climate change is a real issue. (Point 1) However, according to some sources, Antarctica is now gaining back ice, which indicates that the problem is being resolved. (Point 2)

Good Example:

Due to the rapid growth of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, we can assume that climate change is a real issue. (Point 1) Also, according to scientists and the reports from statistics taken from satellites, Antarctica keeps losing its land ice rapidly, which also indicates continued global warming. (Point 2)

  • Evidence:

    Every topic or idea you present should be defended with sufficient evidence to accredit your words. Provide details such as facts, statistics, and references.

Bad Example:

Global warming is a real threat because of the increase in the carbon footprint left by people.

Good Example:

According to the official Nasa report, the atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have now almost reached the point of 420 parts per million. This indicator is considerably larger compared to the level of the atmospheric carbon dioxide reported in 1950, which barely reached 320 parts per million. These facts let us conclude that the issue of climate change is now indisputable.

  • Word Choice:

    Mind your vocabulary, especially when it comes to persuasive or descriptive papers. The words you use should accurately represent your information. Use vivid adjectives and strong adverbs. Some things you want to avoid in terms of word choice are misused words, jargon or technical terms that confuse readers, slang or inappropriate language, cliches, wordiness, etc.

Bad Example:

Last but not least, police brutality cases cause society discontent that leads to mass riots and generates even more violence.

Good Example:

Lastly, police brutality causes discontent that leads to mass riots and generates even more violence.

  • Keep It Consistent:

    A body paragraph should be between 5-7 sentences. Logically, they should all follow a similar structure, with the main difference revolving around the presentation of the subpoint. We always recommend students check out a quality academic writing sample to get a good idea of how the whole piece should look like.

The main body’s goal is to answer any questions that have appeared in the reader’s mind after the introduction. Every new point should get the audience closer to understanding the complete concept you deliver throughout your essay. Ideally, your goal is to bring them to the same level of knowledge on the subject as you have in your capacity. After doing so successfully, it is time to transition to the conclusion.

Academic Essay Conclusion

In any assignment you write, you have to start strong and finish even stronger. As you move towards the end of your paper, your reader might not even remember what the first paragraph you wrote was about. Therefore, you have to remind them. Overall,

a good essay conclusion

is going to include:

  • Summary:

    A condensed paraphrasing of the information stated in the thesis and the subpoints. (Only if you are writing an expository, descriptive, or persuasive paper)

  • Personal or Social Connection:

    In other words, why this information is relevant to society. Stating such a connection showcases the general importance of the subject and its modern-day relevance.

  • Overall Concluding Statement:

    This will normally be the last sentence that serves the purpose of tying a knot around your work. If you have initially started with a rhetorical question, a nice touch would be to give the audience an answer to it here. If you have written a quote, rephrase it in your own words. It is important to leave the audience with a strong statement that will stay in their minds.

Writing Process


The drafting process takes you from a compilation of information to the structured delivery of your idea within your essay. No excellent-quality paper has ever been written in a single draft. The process begins with a rough draft – a stage where you use all of the information you have acquired from your relative outline. From there, you narrow down this information to the most relevant parts that add actual value to your academic essay topic. Every new draft must also rid itself of content problems, structural flaws, or simple typos. The final draft of an essay might end up being drastically smaller than its original draft.

Word Choice

Word choice is one of the factors that define the quality of an academic essay. It is also often overseeded or neglected. It is no secret that some words are better at communicating ideas than others. It is also no secret that vocabulary plays a big role in the writing process. Focusing on word choice is especially significant in descriptive essay writing when your goal is to paint a picture in a reader’s mind. If you are writing a paper on a specific area of study, it is crucial to use words related to that field and avoid simple neutral words that offer no contribution to the text.

Finalizing the Submission

At this stage of writing, your content should be well polished. After taking your essay through a peer review and/or red pen edits, make sure to:

  • Fix all grammatical mistakes and punctuational errors
  • Finalize your title
  • Add a bibliography if needed (basically, a “references” or “works cited” page that also includes the sources you have used, but weren’t referenced within the text)
  • Make sure your paper meets its specified academic paper formatting requirements.

To Sum Up

We hope we’ve given you a good head start at becoming an expert academic essay writer. Remember, the purpose of an academic essay is to develop your ideas to deliver a message. As a result of getting better at academic essay writing, you will be able to articulate yourselves clearly and be able to write and speak more confidently. Good luck with your assignment!