How to Write a Thesis Statement: Complete Writing Guide


To avoid this issue and work with a coherent structure, one must understand how to write an effective thesis statement. This post will break down the purpose of the statement as well as the fundamental elements required to create an effective thesis.

What Is a Thesis Statement?

One of the most common reasons students struggle with thesis statements is a lack of technical knowledge. It can be difficult to grasp the fact that the thesis is the single most important sentence in the entire text. The remainder of the paper consists of supporting points to the thesis statement.

“What exactly is a thesis statement?” – A thesis statement is the main argument or point that is intended to be proven through the use of tools such as logical and/or emotional reasoning. It is the seed from which the rest of your paper will grow. A thesis-based paper’s goal is to make a claim about a relevant topic of discussion and defend that claim with logic, analysis, and third-party validation (external sources).

You should not mix up your thesis statement and your introduction, as most students who ask how to start an essay do! The thesis of an essay is usually used to close the introduction rather than to replace it. So, when writing an introduction, hook the readers, introduce your topic, and then state your thesis.

Another query is, “What constitutes a good thesis statement?” To write a good thesis statement, the author must be well-versed in the subject matter. Before developing the main statement, he/she should obtain factual confirmation from other parties (experts, primary and secondary sources). This is why it is critical to conduct research and have a thorough understanding of the topic before brainstorming ideas.

Why It Is so Important

A thesis statement, in essence, is the best way to organize your thoughts and narrow the focus of your paper. If you know exactly what you want to prove, it will be much easier to make valid points, defend your logic, and so on. This is the first thing an author should write when starting work on a paper.

A good thesis statement can help your paper become more logical and focused, as well as simplify the writing process for you. When you understand your paper’s main idea, you can express it in a clear and understandable manner throughout the paper.

Another reason the thesis statement is so important is that you are unlikely to receive an A for an essay that lacks a thesis statement. It is one of the first things a Professor looks at in an academic paper and one of the most important factors in determining your grade.

Can a Thesis Statement Be a Question?

Another frequently asked question is, “Can a thesis statement be a question?” The short answer is “No.” The thesis’s purpose is to explain what the paper will cover. This mission cannot be completed with a question. According to the definition, this section of the academic paper presents the writer’s argument, which is supported by credible sources in the rest of the text. A claim should never be posed as a question. The conclusion should not raise any new questions, and the thesis can even be regarded as the overall conclusion.

Length Requirements: How Long Should a Thesis Statement Be?

A thesis statement should not be overly long. A thesis statement should be a single, complete sentence because it is a concise summary of a main claim. Depending on the length of the paper, two to three sentences may be required in some cases. A five-paragraph essay, for example, should have a single-sentence thesis. The writer should summarize the paper’s main point. If one is writing a twenty-page research paper, the statement will most likely require several sentences due to the amount of information to be covered.

Elements of a Thesis Statement

An essay’s thesis consists of the following elements:

  • The main point of your paper stated in a single sentence.
  • The reason(s) for your support and selection of this idea.
  • A refutation of your claim. This is a valid piece of information that can be used to back up your claim. Only use it if you have one.

So, once you’ve determined these points, organize them into one or two coherent sentences. Here’s an example of a good thesis statement that includes all of the above-mentioned elements:

For example, while uniforms can improve school unity, schools should not require students to wear them.

This statement is based on the idea that uniforms can limit students’ freedom, which is a violation of fundamental human rights.

Points to check to see that your statement is strong:

  • It is brief and contains useful information; and
  • It provides a clear argument that demonstrates your point of view.
  • It has a logical foundation and is supported by basic logic or facts.

The thesis statement should highlight the topic, the claim, and the major points which you are going to use in your academic paper to support the claim.

Another example of a thesis statement:

Example: Employees in the fast-food industry can suffer from serious physical, psychological, and emotional problems as a result of workplace stress.

Topic: stress
Claim: can result in serious issues

Major points: physical, psychological, and emotional difficulties.

You should provide an interpretation of a subject, not the subject itself, in your thesis.

Here are some good and bad thesis statement examples:

Example 1:A: People who commit violent crimes should be punished, so the death penalty should not be abolished.

B: Although many argue that human life is sacred, the death penalty should be retained for people who commit heinous crimes and add nothing positive to society..

Which is the better option? Yes, thesis B is superior because the author provided a more descriptive and narrowed version of their beliefs. Overall, this makes it easier for them to prove their point.

Example 2:A: A college diploma should not be required for professional positions in the workplace.

B: If a candidate has work experience, reasonable competency in the field, and a strong work ethic, they should not be barred from competing for a position because they do not have a college degree.

Option B provides three distinct subpoints to support its main statement, whereas the first sentence simply makes a broad claim.

Example 3:A: Because of the increased number of shootings across the country, gun laws should be tightened and more requirements imposed.

B: A strict gun control policy will not reduce nationwide violence because guns are still easily obtained illegally, and humans, not weapons, are the catalysts of brutality.

Option B goes into greater detail about why its claim is correct and presents reasoning that can be supported by a variety of external sources.

How to Write a Thesis Statement

Choose a primary question to answer and provide a clear, concise response in the form of a thesis statement. A thesis statement should be included in all essays because it is the foundation of almost any type of paper—except perhaps creative writing.

Students frequently spend a significant amount of time brainstorming rough ideas without knowing what a thesis statement should include. When writing any type of academic paper, it is critical to have a well-organized system in place to complete the task on time.

Here are some pointers for creating an effective thesis statement:

  • Brainstorming is a must! Create a list of brilliant ideas with your peers, family members, or tutors and choose a topic based on them. This will aid in the development of a claim. After you’ve decided on a topic, try narrowing it down to create a catchy, concise, and clear statement.
  • Formulate a research question. You must create a research question that you will answer in this section. For example, what are the primary causes of depression and how can it be avoided?
  • Find an answer and take a position. You must respond to the question and express your opinion after you have asked it. For example, the primary causes of depression are emotional and physical distress, as well as depression.
  • Narrow and focus. We cannot emphasize this enough: a well-written paper should not contain general information. The goal of a writer is to make a unique point about their subject. Make certain that it is reflected in the thesis.
  • Support your answer with reasoning and evidence. It will assist you in locating additional evidence and sources, which will aid you in the next steps of writing your essay.
  • Use bold language. To sound more confident, avoid using passive voice. Apps such as Hemingwayapp will assist in avoiding wordiness and other factors that make reading difficult.
  • Trump the counterargument. Not everyone will agree with the points you make or your overall argument. To effectively combat this, identify the strongest opposing points to your thesis; then, in a body paragraph, confront the counterargument and explain why your point is superior.
  • Check if it fits! Writers frequently decide to write their body paragraphs before they write their thesis statement. A writer may set out to prove one thing only to end up proving a change in the original idea. That is why it is critical to go back and double-check that the thesis is consistent with the points you’ve made. If you have proven something other than the initial claim, revise the main argument.
  • Significance matters. This criterion is critical for comprehending the worth and overall significance of your thesis. Will the concept you’re presenting be interesting and captivating to read, and will the audience be interested in what you have to say? The best thesis statements captivate the reader and leave them thinking about the idea long after the final words have been read.

Thesis Statement Examples & Templates

For many students, seeing some realistic examples is the best way to learn. So, in this section, we’ll look at how a thesis statement varies depending on the purpose of the paper:

Argumentative Thesis Statement

Make a claim about a chosen topic/question and use reasons and credible evidence to try to justify this main argument. Determine the type of thesis you intend to use. The main point of contention could be an opinion, analysis, or proposal. The author should provide something that some people will disagree with. Throughout the paper, persuade the audience of your truth.

Example: The Brexit referendum resulted from working-class dissatisfaction with the political elite, as well as austerity policies that have eroded public services and fragmented communities; the referendum provided an alternative to the status quo.

Analytical Thesis Statement

You do not need to present a strong argument; rather, you must analyze, interpret, and evaluate various aspects of the same topic. It should summarize the main points of your analysis.


An examination of a barn owl’s flight technique reveals two distinct flight patterns: those associated with hunting prey and those associated with courtship.

Expository Thesis Statement

The main aim of an expository thesis statement is to explain and discuss the facts of a topic.

Example:Gerbils are believed to be a perfect pet for kids as they are low-maintenance and cheap.

Compare and Contrast Thesis Statement

The goal of a compare and contrast thesis statement should be to compare, review, and contrast the two points.

While Judaism and Christianity are Abrahamic religions that arose from the same cultural hearth, they differ in their implementation of traditions, realizations of religious canons, and perceptions of Jesus Christ.

Cause and Effect Thesis Statement

In a cause and effect thesis statement, you must explain why an event or occurrence occurred.

For example, the fact that modern teenagers watch violent videos and play violent video games is the primary cause of high school bullying.

In-Text Examples

Download PDF samples of essays that include a thesis statement. The statements are underlined.

Example of a Thesis Statement: Cricket in South Asia

Cricket played a political role in the South of Asia between 1880 and 2005, not only easing caste tensions and restrictions, but also allowing Pakistan and India to release some political tensions from a religious standpoint.

Examples of Thesis Statements: Jane Eyre and the Wide Sargasso Sea

The setting for Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea is the hot and colorful West Indies in the post-colonial era. The setting for Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre is murky gray England, the heart of the empire and Mr. Rochester’s home. Thornfield is portrayed as dark and ancient in Wide Sargasso Sea, whereas Antoinette’s surroundings in Jane Eyre are frequently green and dream-like. The two novels’ contrasting climates and settings demonstrate how different Antoinette’s concept of home is from Jane’s, while also adding parallel qualities to the two novels.