How to Write a Descriptive Essay

What exactly is a Descriptive Essay?

It is a type of composition or article in which the author goes into considerable detail about a certain object or someone as well as a particular process or occurrence. When creating a story, the writer’s ultimate goal is to create a vivid reading experience by showing rather than explaining (metaphorically).

In descriptive writing, the five senses are usually evoked: taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight are the most common. When Jack’s coffee mug exploded into tiny pieces of glass, it drew the attention of every employee in the office. Whenever writing a good descriptive essay, it is critical to always appeal to the reader’s sensory perceptions.

A descriptive essay seeks to provide the reader with a complete image of the subject matter by appealing to the reader’s five senses. Your work should have a clear and compelling purpose. Anything from a life lesson to a narrative about how an object has influenced your life could be used as an example. It all comes down to bringing your wonderful ideas to fruition.


Difference Between a Descriptive Essay and a Description

When writing a descriptive essay, it is important to comprehend the difference between a description and an essay about a person’s characteristics. A description might be as simple as a single paragraph or as complex as multiple paragraphs with no discernible structure or organization. A descriptive essay, on the other hand, is divided into five or more sections and follows a logical and systematic structure. Descriptive essays are frequently written in a logical order, with a strong thesis statement at the end of the introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Descriptive essays can be written in any format. A descriptive essay can be written in any format. A description, on the other hand, does not always follow a logical pattern. Its primary aim is to describe an object or something else, with no further academic layers added on top of that objective.


Issues that could be addressed in your paper are as follows:

  • A human being, to be precise. You may choose to write about a specific individual in this report. It might include anything from a simple description of their physical appearance to more detailed descriptions of their activities, behaviors, feelings, and qualities, among other aspects of their personality.
  • A specific location. Remember that the most important thing to keep in mind while describing a place in your writing is to do so in an intriguing and original way. Your reader(s) should be able to perceive the beauty of the cities you have picked, such as New York or Rome, as they read your work.
  • It is an occurrence. You could make it easier on yourself if you detailed what happened in this part. It could be the last vacation you took, a concert, a wedding, an anniversary, a summer music festival, graduation day, or anything completely unrelated to those events.
  • It’s a beast. I’d appreciate it if you could describe the animal in this manner. It could be because of the way it looks, behaves, or is biologically constructed.
  • It is a profession. This part requires you to describe a job or occupation in detail.
  • A way of going about one’s business. Use this sort of descriptive writing when describing someone’s actions or mannerisms. It’s possible that you want to describe your friend’s peculiar conduct or draw attention to the way some people behave in various settings.


Two Conventional Approaches to Writing a Descriptive Essay

  1. Personal Essay

In this section, you must describe an experience using your feelings and responses as a starting point. As a result of this work, readers may feel empathy for the characters. It can also be chaotic and blurry in some instances. If you want to create a fantastic personal essay, you should limit your attention to the components of your experience that best reflect your emotions. When writing this type of assignment, don’t be hesitant to utilize vivid and emotive language.

Here are a few suggestions for personal essay subjects:

  • Give a description of your summer swimming experience in the azure water.
  • Describe your favorite film and how it has influenced your life.
  • When you think back on your birthday and all of the events that have formed your life in the past, it’s easy to feel nostalgic.
  1. Formal Description

This descriptive writing style is quite similar to that of an argumentative essay in its structure. When writing an essay, your primary goal should be to express a collection of essential points or to describe something in detail while sticking to a logical organization. When describing something, it is vital to use specific types of facts rather than depending simply on your own personal experience in order to create a comprehensive picture of what you are describing. A reader who is more interested in the paper’s topic than the writer’s response to it may find this technique to be particularly engaging. Nonetheless, avoid employing overly formal language in your communication.

Formal descriptions can cover the following topics:

  • A piece of writing that discusses climate change, politics, or significant historical events
  • Reporting on an event or providing information about the location where it took place is called a news story.


Topics and Ideas for Descriptive Essays

The process of creating descriptive essay themes is not difficult at all. You have the ability to describe practically anything, from your favorite automobile to the present weather conditions. Below is a collection of suggestions to help you started on your search for information. Hopefully, you’ll come across some interesting descriptive essay themes that will tickle your curiosity.


Describe Someone

Choose someone you are familiar with—doing so will offer you with a wealth of information on which to base your writing. Choose from among family members, friends, instructors, and so on and so forth. The Kardashians, Kanye West, and Taylor Swift are just a few examples of celebrities who have opened up about their personal lives to the public. Even a well-known superhero, such as Spider-Man, is an intriguing character to see on the big screen. As a result, it has become able to conduct character studies of such fictitious individuals from both an academic and non-academic standpoint.


Describe an Object or a Location

It’s also acceptable to describe an object or location with which you have a personal bond. Depending on your point of view, the environment may be anything from your high school to a playground to a toy that used to scare you when you were a child. Locations that are based on fiction are also allowed!


Describe a Feeling

Remember the most authentic emotion you’ve ever experienced and use it to inspire a descriptive essay about your experience. Anger, happiness, loss, desire, or wrath are examples of strong emotions that you can choose from. It is not necessary for it to be a personal emotion; it could simply be something that was seen.

Additionally, you can write a descriptive essay about anything that can be described using the five senses of the human body: touch; sight; taste; scent; and hearing.


Making an Outline for a Descriptive Essay

When it comes to writing a descriptive essay, keep in mind that having a well-structured paper outline is your golden ticket to a successful outcome. It will not only assist you in organizing your thoughts, but it will also improve the flow of your articles.

There are several components to a descriptive essay outline, including the following:

  • A brief overview
  • Sentence with a hook
  • Background/Contextual information
  • Thesis assertion
  • Paragraphs in the body
  • The sentence about the topic
  • Sensory specifics
  • Actual specifics
  • A final thought
  • All major points are summarized.
  • Climax Statement

As a result, it is vital that you devote appropriate time to the description victim because it will serve as the basis for all of your pictures.



The introduction presents your subject to the reader and gives adequate context for them to completely grasp your work; yet, it should be brief and entertaining for the reader to retain their attention (s). Consider the following when learning how to write a descriptive essay introduction: the first paragraph of your work is what will distinguish your descriptive essay from others.

The following elements must be included in the start of a descriptive essay, just as they are in any other college paper:

It is preferable to capture the reader’s attention from the very beginning of the text, despite the fact that the entire document should be filled with exciting and vivid descriptions.

Inform the reader with the background and context of what you’re about to discuss, as well as why it’s essential to you. Could you please provide them with a summary of your paper?

Proposition for the Thesis: The thesis statement for a descriptive essay should be a succinct yet thorough summary of the work in question. You must indicate both the subject of your description as well as the purpose for which you are providing it.


Body Paragraph(s)

The body of a paper is typically comprised of three paragraphs. They deal with three different points of view or arguments. The number of body paragraphs in your descriptive essay is totally up to you—or your professor—to decide how many you want to include. In some cases, a portion will be sufficient to tell a story, while in others, an entire book will be required.

The following is an illustration of a body paragraph:

  • Starting with a topic sentence is a great way to get your writing going. EG, the orange appears to be a well-known fruit because it is surrounded by citrus fruits whose color corresponds to its name; yet, it is not.
  • Include sensory details in your writing. When describing the orange, make use of sensory details that are relatable to the reader.

Include complete and accurate facts. Ensure that your body paragraphs are always filled with descriptive facts. Finish a body paragraph by introducing the paragraph that follows it. It is important to employ transition phrases since they assist readers in becoming engrossed in your work. As a result of this improvement, your writing will no longer appear as though you are reading a list of facts.



According to the descriptive essay format, your conclusion should summarize all of the important ideas that were discussed in the body of the essay. It is good to write a final sentence that relates to your paper’s main point. Once this is accomplished, the article will be considered complete. We strongly advise that you proofread your descriptive essay for grammatical problems before submitting it.

If you want to include the following in your conclusion, you should:

  • The first thing to do at the conclusion of a piece is to consider the original aim of the piece. Please share your ideas on why you chose to write about this topic and how it has influenced your life so far in the comments section.
  • Demonstrate the Importance of the Details by doing the following: Review some of the most important points from the paper. Explain everything you’ve covered so far and prepare the audience for the clincher statement by giving a brief summary.
  • Conclusion: The concluding phrase of your paper should either emphasize the primary purpose of your paper or leave your audience with an intriguing thought, question, or quote. In order to entice the audience, you’ve most likely spent some time developing hooks and subheadlines. Make it okay for your audience’s thoughts to wander after they’ve finished reading the document.


Writing and Revision of Your Descriptive Paper

The following are the stages involved in writing the paper:

  • Pre-writing is at an advanced stage. During this stage, you must examine all of the sources you have available and determine whether or not they all include essential information on the topic of your choice.
  • You are currently working on the first draft. You should begin your work with a strong and intriguing hook that will grab the interest of your readers and keep them reading. It could incorporate a novel metaphor or a literary quotation, for example.
  • This is the first draft of your descriptive essay, which you are putting together right now. All that is required at this point is that you jot down any and all of the words that come to mind; you will be able to narrow down your ideas later on.
  • You are incorporating expanded English vocabulary and internet dictionaries into your paper in order to provide more specifics. To ensure that the descriptive essay leaves a lasting impact, make use of your English language to fill in the blanks with missing feelings, such as hearing.
  • Revise and edit the document with the help of a variety of free online grammar checking tools.

Let’s take a closer look at the final step: evaluating your article in further depth. After you’ve completed writing, take a short pause. It’s always a good idea to take some time to clear your head before editing your work.

Think about the following questions when you return to your descriptive essay:

  • Have you supplied enough background information in your introduction?
  • Is the paper straightforward to read?
  • Is the thesis statement relevant to the substance of the paper?
  • The language in the paper is vibrant and descriptive, or is it lacking?
  • Can we expect the clinching declaration to have a long-lasting effect?
  • Ensure that your readers can acquire a complete and vivid picture of what you’re describing by including adequate details.
  • Is each component of your work focused to a certain aspect of your description as you have described it in your description?
  • Is there any information in your description that might be eliminated or replaced with more meaningful content in your paper that you think is unnecessary?
  • Do you think this paper makes sense as a whole to you as a reader?
  • Is there a grammatical or punctuation mistake in this sentence?

Grammarly and the Hemingway app can both be useful tools for sorting through your grammar mistakes. To be a better writer, it is always preferable to master the principles of grammar on your own and to become the greatest writer you possibly can be. Read the final manuscript aloud or give it to a friend to read once you’re certain you’ve finished it. When it comes to writing, constructive criticism can be really helpful in tying up loose ends.