How to do chicago style citation: guidelines and examples

When writing an essay or an academic piece of writing,  college or university will have strict guidelines on the referencing style that must be used for the work. Referencing or

essay quotations

for those who do not know is where you use external information from another source within your work and you credit the author and the work you sourced the information from. For example, if you were to state a fact or a proven idea, you would need to create a reference to where you had obtained this information.

Each location in your work that requires a reference is known as a citation and there are many different citation styles recognized across the world. We will take a look at the Chicago style citation in particular and how to use the Chicago citation style in your essay work. Read on to see our Chicago manual of style citation.

What is Chicago style?

Chicago style in-text citation is a type of referencing style used by academic establishments across the US. Every school or college has to

choose a citation style

to use and the Chicago style is a popular one. The style is usually used in two different methods, Chicago style footnotes and bibliography and (2) author-date.

What type do I use?

The footnotes and bibliography style

is mostly used in humanities topics such as history, arts and literature. This style uses numbered footnotes or endnotes which correspond to superscript numbers within the text. The reference sources are listed in a Chicago style bibliography section at the end of the work. The benefit of this system is that it is able to incorporate awkward source links where the author-date system would struggle.

The author-date system

is more common in social sciences and scientific fields of study. This style cites sources briefly within the text by inserting the authors last name and year of publication. Each of these inserts is linked to the reference list usually located at the end of the writing.

Guidelines on how to use Chicago style citation

1. Requirements

The one thing that almost every citation style has in common is the requirement of a bibliography somewhere in the essay. The bibliography is where all the information regarding the source’s author and the work referenced is held. This would be too much information to include every single time in text so the reference list is used as a library of sources that can be referred to.

Within the bibliography, the following information is required for Chicago style citations:

· Author

· Title of book/article

· Title of newspaper/journal

· Publication year

· Publication month and date

· Publisher

· City of publication

· Date of access

· Page numbers

· URL or DOI (for some online sources)

2. Footnotes and Endnotes for Chicago Style

Footnotes are a small section at the bottom of each page that is separated from the main body of text. To insert a citation, you place a superscript number immediately after a full stop or end punctuation of a sentence containing a reference. Then in the footnote insert the same number.

3. Information to Cite (what types of information do we cite?)

· Direct quotations

· Paraphrases

· Information and ideas that are not commonly known.

Examples of Chicago style citation

Below is a list of some Chicago style citations from different sources. It is worth bearing in mind there is a

citation generator Chicago

software that can be used to generate these for you. Check out the relevant Chicago style citation example that you require below:

  • Book citation with a single author

In the footnotes and endnotes:

1. Sam Staggs. Born to Be Hurt: The Untold Story of Imitation of Life.

In the bibliography:

Staggs, Sam. Born to Be Hurt: The Untold Story of Imitation of Life.

  • Book citation with multiple authors

In the footnotes and endnotes:

2. Ella Shohat and Robert Stam. Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media.

In the bibliography:

Shohat, Ella and Robert Stam. Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media.

  • Chapter citation from a Book

In the footnotes and endnotes:

First name, Last name of Chapter Author. “Chapter or Article Title,” in Book Title.

In the bibliography:

Last name, First name. “Chapter Title.” In Book Title.

So, there you have the complete guidelines to what Chicago style citations are and how to use them in your paper. This article guides you in every step when selecting the type of Chicago style to use and how to use them correctly in the text of your essay. Although you are following the Chicago style manual and your full source information will be included in your footnotes, you may still be required to produce a full bibliography at the end of your assignment.