Are you like me and have always strived for the highest grades on school projects? Did you participate in geography fieldwork and your professor expects you to submit a field report? If that’s the case, let’s learn how to write geography fieldwork reports and projects so we can get the best grades possible, just like I did.
Let me start by saying that writing field reports and projects appears to be a difficult task. However, if you carefully follow the steps, the entire exercise will appear to be simple. Let’s get the facts out of the way right away.
How to Write Fieldwork Reports and Projects in Geography
To begin, knowing the research question or subject will provide clear direction. Continue your investigation by collecting and analyzing data in response to your research question.
Today, we’ll look at some simple steps you can take to successfully draft geographical reports and projects. You can later present the findings of the entire investigation to your bosses.
The following are detailed steps you can take to reach your conclusion:
Step 1: Gathering Data
You will only be able to successfully collect data for your research if you understand the subject or research question.
You may be assigned by your supervisor, or you may select your own.
For example, one of your research questions could be, “What is the root cause of the hot springs?”
You should have an elaborative strategy for how you will investigate the subject at this point.
As you collect data, determine the best method to use. In some extreme cases, you may be obligated to reach out to the field and collect the data.
For example, if you’re looking into active volcanoes, look into various ecologies that are prone to eruptions.
- Gather Vital Information
You can gather the following two types of data:
- Primary: You can obtain this information by interviewing eyewitnesses or obtaining it from the researchers. Learn how to conduct eyewitness interviews to achieve more accurate information.
- Secondary: This category contains published materials, statistics, and reports.
When gathering data, it is prudent to select a trustworthy source. The methods listed below can be used to record observations:
i. Note Taking
It is the most basic of all techniques. You can organize by developing a shorthand to avoid repeating long sentences. Long sentences should not restrict your ability to observe while studying.
Photographs can capture significant events and aid in the documentation of your research. The picture should be clear in order to aid in the interpretation of the facts under investigation.
iii. Audio and Video Recordings
One advantage of documenting your observations is that it allows for repeated analysis, which improves the researcher’s understanding. The method will aid in the collection of additional perceptions throughout the research.
iv. Drawings and Illustrations
Drawings and illustrations can take various forms. You can, for instance, use graphs, charts, and rough tables to capture the activities that you are observing. You can later interpret their findings in a readable format while summarizing your final report.
To avoid inconveniences, you should select an appropriate technique when gathering information.
b) Analyze Your Data
The type of research you conduct will determine how you organize your data in graphs or statistics. You will be able to determine whether or not you thoroughly investigated the research question based on the records.
You can gain valuable insight by observing patterns, trends, the connection between ideas, and the issues you’ve been researching. It is a good idea to properly practice your preferred technique before implementing it.
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Step 2. Write the Content
It’s critical to start your paragraph with a topical sentence. In other words, the sentence should give clues as to what your paragraph will discuss.
Allow the following sentences to provide details with examples in order to avoid general information and stay specific.
You should be able to explain how you collected the data and, finally, how you collected the information.
You can proceed by listing all of the methods you used, such as interviews, observation, and lab reports, among others.
As if that weren’t enough, you can now tell your audience about what you’ve been seeing. Based on the established facts, you can make a conclusive statement.
Your research will be more credible if it contains accurate details and specific evidence. To add credibility, make sure you have detailed evidence. Lab reports and statistics are two examples of reliable evidence shreds.
For example, if you conducted research on active volcanoes, you should also report the laboratory findings. The samples should provide information about the activities of an active volcano.
You can support your entire research with images, charts, and graphs that will provide additional insight into your subject. All of these materials should be labeled as pictures and explained in the appendices.
You must explain the significance of the materials throughout the text. Photographs or maps, for example, can help a geographical report make more sense. In addition, including video footage of an erupting volcano can provide a more comprehensive understanding.
It is reasonable to conclude with a firm statement. You can restate the subject and summarize all of the methods you used while researching it. Capture the findings thoroughly and discuss the implications of your research.
Finally, make a connection between your conclusion and the information provided. For example, you can list all of the factors that can cause an active volcano to erupt. You can also explain how the volcano affects human activities.
Then, in the introduction, you can state the subject or research question. Your audience must understand what your paper is about. Continue by explaining how and why you conducted the study.
Your audience should also be familiar with the terms used in your research. Provide a detailed outline of your report. If you’re studying population density, for example, explain your units as 10000 people per square kilometer.
It is a good idea to record your introduction last rather than first. This arrangement will allow you to quickly provide a step-by-step outline.
Step 3: Revise the Report
The final step is to proofread and correct any mistakes or errors in your geography fieldwork report or project.
Apart from the minor errors, keep an eye out for the following major issues as you go through this process.
- Use the Third Person
You should write your project in the third person competently. The purpose of the third-person approach is to demonstrate that you are viewing the report objectively. Avoid using the words “we,” “I,” or “you.”
A good report should avoid referring to the audience or yourself. Stick to facts and avoid including personal opinions unless the report’s guidelines allow you to.
- Logically arrange the work
Allow each paragraph to explain and focus on a single idea. In addition, there should be a smooth transition from one point to the next. Each paragraph’s final sentence should draw the reader’s attention to the ideas in the paragraph as a whole.
You can succeed in message delivery by experimenting with ideas until the paper flows from beginning to end.
It is critical to cite your sources as instructed at the end of the project. MLA, APA, Harvard, and Chicago are the most commonly used styles. In that article, you can learn how to format in APA and MLA. If you do not include in-text citations for your sources, you are not finished.
- Proofread and edit
You should proofread your work to ensure that there are no grammatical errors or misspelled words. To make the overall message clear, you can edit or remove irrelevant assumptions, information, and opinions.
Only by modifying sentence structures and word choice will you be able to achieve a better flow. It is best to use technical terms only when absolutely necessary.
e) Final Word
The goal of a field report is to investigate a specific topic and present your findings. As a result, learning how to write geography fieldwork reports and projects is critical. Your gathered data could have a greater impact on human development. As a result, in order to facilitate the research, you must follow the steps outlined above.
The majority of geographical field reports and projects turn out to be outdoor activities. They will require a variety of movements and skills. It is beneficial if you carefully follow the procedures and guidelines laid out and reach a reliable conclusion.