Frankenstein Study Guide

Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist, creates a human-like creature in the course of a scientific experiment. But the beast murders his family and runs away. Science, religion, moral values, and persistence: which qualities make up a real human being? This Frankenstein Study Guide answers all your questions about the novel.

Frankenstein Key Facts

Full Name
Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus
Author Mary Shelley
Genre Gothic novel, science fiction
Date of Publishing 1 January 1818
Setting (Time) Late 18


Setting (Place) Switzerland, Germany, England, France, Scotland, Russia

Frankenstein Articles

Frankenstein: Summary

Mary Shelley’s most famous novel is

Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus

. It tells the tragic story of a scientist. The article contains a short summary of


, a plot infographic, and a detailed description of the novel’s chapters.

Frankenstein: Characters

The article contains all the information about


s characters: Victor Frankenstein, the Monster, Robert Walton, Henry Clerval, and others. In the first section, you’ll find a


character map.

Frankenstein: Themes

The article provides an explanation of


’s themes. The core issues represented in Shelley’s writing are dangerous knowledge, nature, isolation, monstrosity, and revenge.

Symbols in Frankenstein

The article explains the symbolism in


. The key symbols used by Shelley are fire and light. The book’s central idea is that scientists aim to shed some light on our world’s secrets. Even though it seems quite promising and hopeful, the light can be dangerous.

Frankenstein: Essay Topics & Samples

There are so many ideas for essay topics about


! This article is here to help you if you don’t know what to write about or have an abundance of choices. Check out the following list of


essay prompts that might inspire you to create an ideal paper.

Historical Context of Frankenstein

Mary Shelley



in the context of galvanism ideas prevalent at the beginning of the 19


century. She was 18 years old when she traveled around Europe with Percy Shelley (her husband), Lord Byron, and John Polidori. Rainy weather made them sit indoors for many days, and Lord Byron suggested writing horror stories to amuse themselves. Then one of the scariest stories in human history was born.

Mary had an extraordinary life. William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, her parents, were philosophers. Her mother was the author of

A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

, an important feministic and political text. Naturally, her family was liberal and academic. She was encouraged to read and think critically.

The novel was created at a pivotal moment in modern history. At that moment, the industrial revolution shifted society from an agricultural to a technology-based economy. Innovations impacted every aspect of human life. People moved from farms in villages to factories and offices in cities. Mary Shelley, as a romantic figure, was skeptical of the rapid industrialization. She was concerned about the consequences of the new technologies on nature. In her opinion, they were also harmful to the human mind and spirit. In this perspective,


should be analyzed as a warning against the possible results of reckless technological progress. The author acknowledges the benefits of industrialization. Still, she urges us to mind the risks it bears. Victor is “drunk” with his success. He is driven by the higher purpose and overlooks the imminent disaster. The main character symbolizes the heedless rush for inventions typical of that time.