Effective Academic Writing: Resources & Rules

Students struggle with academic writing rules. Mastering them takes longer than writing the paper. But when the conventions become a normal state of things, the process becomes faster and easier than before. The less you think about the form, the more time you have to think about the contents.

This article by

Custom-Writing

experts is your guide in the world of academic writing. It answers all the questions you will come across. Here you can find the resources on the types of academic papers, formatting rules, topics, and more. This piece of reading will take you minutes, saving hours later on.

The five rules of academic writing include those on structuring, outlining, editing, and formatting.

? Basic Rules of Academic Writing

Any writing style is recognizable by its essential features. Academic writing is the most structured and standardized style. The five rules below are to be followed.


  1. Explain your ideas as clearly as you can

    . Any scientific text is difficult, even the one discussing a cat’s sleep patterns. Respect your audience by making it as reader-friendly as possible.

  2. Prepare an



    outline



    before you start to write

    . Planning is half the success. It will make your text consistent and logical.

  3. Discuss only one idea per paragraph

    . This point is also about reader-friendliness. People may look for specific information in your paper. Make their search easier.

  4. Make your sentences short and concise

    . Hard-to-read structures and rare vocabulary dull the reader.

  5. Use active voice

    . Academic papers are flooded with passive voice. Avoiding it will make yours stand out.

Why Does Academic Writing Require Strict Formatting?

Formatting conventions help to make your writing consistent, clear, and concise. For the writer, the right format structures the thoughts and facilitates the research. Readers have to make an effort to understand an academic text. For them, strict formatting makes the search for the necessary information more comfortable.

? Types of Academic Texts

There are five types of academic texts.

Essays

,

research papers

,

reviews

,

term papers

, and

bibliographies

comprise almost everything in the field. Below you can find lots of useful information on each type.

Essays

An essay is a brief piece of writing that presents the author’s opinion on a problem. It provides objective arguments and examples to defend the idea. An essay has a

thesis

in the introduction that defines the subject matter. All the main body paragraphs shall support it.

Below is a list of resources focused on essay writing.

?
Essay Writing Basics

| University of New South Wales
?
Essay Structure

| Harvard University
?
Tips for Writing Essay Exams

| University of Washington
?
Types of Essays

| Custom-Writing.org

Research Papers

A research paper is based on thorough research of a particular topic. A good research paper should feature a clear structure. It is to contain specific sections such as methods and discussion. Below is a list of academic writing resources that will help you better understand this type of assignment.

?
Guide to Writing a Research Paper

| University of Wisconsin-Madison
?
Organizing Methodology

| University of Southern California
?
How to Write Results and Discussion Sections

| University of Detroit Mercy
?
Common Errors in Student Research Papers

| Rice University

Book or Movie Reviews

A book or movie review is another common piece of academic writing. When writing a paper of this type, make sure to give essential information about the chosen movie or book. Below are some useful guides with helpful tips and great samples.

?
Book Review Guide

| University of North Carolina
?
Reading a Book to Review It

| University of Wisconsin-Madison
?
Collection of Book Reviews

| The New York Times
?
Book Review Samples

| GoodReads.com
?
Film Reviews and Criticism

| New York Film Academy
?
Movie Database

| IMDB

Term Papers

A term paper is a major assignment typical for colleges. Such paper writing’s goal is to determine a student’s new achievements in the subject. A term paper isn’t the easiest paper to write, so look through these guides before you start working.

?
How to Write a Decent Term Paper

| Tulane University
?
Term Paper Format

| University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Annotated Bibliographies

An annotated bibliography is a list of academic sources. It is a frequent assignment in universities. Be extra careful when formatting—your paper could get a low grade if you choose the wrong

citation style

. Below is a list of academic writing resources that will help you better understand this type of assignment.

?
Annotated Bibliography

| University of New South Wales

? Choosing a Topic for Your Academic Text

Whether you’re writing a thesis or a report, the first step is always the same—you must choose a topic. In this chapter, you will find the resources on how to develop a topic for your paper.

Brainstorming Your Topic

?
How to Use Mind Maps

| Lifehacker
?
Better Brainstorming

| Harvard Business Review
?
Brainstorm for the Essay

| Purdue Writing Lab
?
Movie Database

| IMDB
?
Brainstorming

| UNC Writing Center
?
Brainstorming News & Topics

| Entrepreneur

Narrowing Your Topic

?
Narrowing a Topic Idea

| USC Writing Center
?
Finding and




Narrowing Your Topic

| BYU
?
Narrowing/Broadening Your Topic

| University of Michigan
?
Narrowing a Topic

| KU Writing Center

? Doing Your Research

To develop an A+ college paper, it’s essential to know how to search for relevant information. To research your paper, choose one or several of the advantageous approaches we offer below.

Finding Credible Sources

Reading & Notetaking

?
How to Read Scientific Research Articles

| University of Minnesota Libraries
?
5 Notetaking Methods

| Grand Valley State University
?
40 Best Note Taking Templates for Effective Learning

| Custom-Writing.org
?
Notetaking, Listening, Participation

| Dartmouth

? Starting Your Paper

If there is something common for any person in the world, it is the fear of the blank slate. We are afraid of the unknown. That is why ignorance of what will come next makes us uncomfortable. This section provides instructions on how to overcome a writing block and how to arrange the process.

Overcoming Writer’s Block

Organizing Your Writing

? Outlining Your Paper

When you prepare for effective academic writing, your thoughts are vague and controversial. The bulk of the information is so vast that it is hard to select what really matters. An outline helps in summarizing your knowledge and structuring your thoughts. A good overview accelerates the writing process.

?
Outlining

| Harvard College Writing Center
?
Making an Outline

| USC Writing Center
?
How to Outline

| Purdue Writing Lab
?
How to Write an Outline That Will Earn an A+ Grade

| Custom-Writing.org
?
Writer’s Web: Creating Outlines

| University of Richmond

? Writing Your Paper

An effective outline and a good start smooth out your writing efforts. But this is only the first milestone. Each section comes as a new challenge. The parts of a piece of writing demonstrate different aspects of your knowledge. Below you will find links to information on each standard part of an academic paper.

Abstract

?
Writing an Abstract

| GMU Writing Center
?
Writing an Abstract for Your Research Paper

| UW-Madison
?
Writing an abstract

| University of Melbourne
?
How to Write an Abstract

| Custom-Writing.org

Introduction

?
Introductions

| University of North Carolina
?
The Introduction

| USC Writing Center
?
Writing an Introduction

| UCI Libraries
?
5 Easy Ways to Write an Irresistible Introduction

| WordStream

Body

?
Writing body paragraphs

| Monash
?
Strong Body Paragraphs

| Washington University
?
The body of the essay

| UniLearning
?
Body Paragraphs

| Purdue Writing Lab

Conclusion

?
Ending the Essay: Conclusions

| Harvard College Writing Center
?
Strategies for Writing a Conclusion

| St. Cloud State University
?
Writing Essay Conclusions

| Griffith University

Bibliography

? Editing Your Academic Text

Developed your draft already? Good work! Now it’s time to edit your paper. You may be super-skilled in writing prose or poetry. Still, the language used in academic texts is very different from creative writing.

Grammar

?
An Approach to Academic Written Grammar

| UMich
?
Grammar in Academic Writing

| Wiley Online Library
?
Appropriate Pronoun Usage

| OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab
?
Double Negatives: 3 Rules You Must Know

| Grammarly
?
Word Order

| University of Minnesota

Punctuation

?
Punctuation Guide

| UNSW Current Students
?
Commas

| Connecticut State Colleges and Universities
?
Semicolons

| University of Wisconsin

Improving Your Style

?
Improving Your Writing Style

| University of Wisconsin-Madison
?
Sentence Length

| AIMS Community College
?
What does writing clearly and concisely mean?

| Stanford
?
Write Clearly and Concisely

| IEEE
?
Clichés

| UNC Writing Center

? Avoiding Plagiarism

When you’re writing academic papers, you may face issues with plagiarism. Usually, it isn’t difficult to collect new information. However, avoiding plagiarism can be a challenging task. Here are some academic writing resources to make your paper 100% authentic.

?
Paraphrasing

| Academic Integrity at MIT
?
Citing Yourself

| Walden University
?
Citing Sources

| University of Tennessee Knoxville
?
How to Avoid Plagiarism: 5 Easy Methods

| Grammarly
?
Reference Guides for Students

| CiteChimp.com

There’s no doubt: academic writing is one of the most difficult tasks you will ever face in student life. But by knowing the main principles, you’ll save time and get better grades.

Good luck with your assignment! Does college paper writing still seem impossible to accomplish on your own? You can always ask for help from our academic writing service.