Do you need a Synthesis Essay written quickly?

Writing a synthesis article is one of the most challenging and rewarding assignments you will ever do. For a college or university student, the purpose of this type of paper is to demonstrate that you can deal with extensive research, take apart big concepts, and show the skeleton of the argument.

The ideal paper will summarize ideas from various sources and combine them into a thesis statement — a single position that the synthesis essay attempts to argue. Identifying the synthesis statement will allow you to connect it with other theses, enabling you to write a cohesive synthesis essay. If you’ve ever wondered how to write a synthesis essay, this article will assist you in creating a synthesis paper outline or provide you with a simple structure to guide you through the writing process.

What Is a Synthesis Essay

Writing a synthesis paper is similar to writing any other type of thesis. According to the definition of a synthesis essay, it is a written discussion of ideas. They usually use two or more sources, such as academic papers, fiction, speeches, interviews, articles, lectures, or observations.

If you have two ideas on the same topic, you can isolate the essence of what they’re trying to say. For example, you could have a paper on the modern use of smartphones and another on the rise of teenagers in social media. After synthesizing the data, you may arrive at a combined thesis: smartphones and social media are not destroying a generation.


Two Types of Synthesis

  1. Essay on Explanatory Synthesis

This type aids readers in gaining a better understanding of a subject. Rather than arguing a point, the goal here is to explain a specific topic.

Explain the topic with the help of sources, and then present these sources objectively in the body of the paper. In the same way that you would in any other writing project, you should back up each supporting point with two or more reputable references.

  1. Argument Synthesis Essay

This type of paper aims to argue a specific topic and provide evidence to back it up. In contrast to the explanatory style, you will do the same thing as working on a regular argumentative paper. State your position, make supporting claims, and back up each claim with credible evidence.


How to Select a Topic

A synthesis paper prompt must be debatable. Depending on the nature of your assignment, you may be required to select a primary text. Choose a book that may contain opposing viewpoints.

Step 1: Look through the topics and ideas. Read from sources and investigate specific issues in-depth to see if any of them pique your interest.


Step 2: Select a topic, then collect relevant and valuable sources for your synthesis paper.


Step 3: Outline your synthesis essay using ideas from the sources. This should make writing a lot easier and save you time.

It is critical for good synthesis essay topics to be debatable if they have been discussed in public for decades. This makes them emotionally charged for all parties involved, and it is likely that a large amount of evidence in their favor will be widely available.

Here are some examples:

  • Inequality of income
  • Progressive taxation policy
  • Immigration law
  • Legalization of drugs
  • Control of firearms

Bad topics are those where the debate has long since ended, and the scientific community has provided an objective answer. In addition, bad issues may include those with a yes or no answer. As an example:

  • The Flat-Earth hypothesis
  • Vaccines’ safety and effectiveness
  • Supremacy of race
  • Is gravity real?
  • Should we have faith in doctors?


Synthesis Essay Structure

Outlining will help you structure your synthesis paper and plan your work. In the appropriate parts, paste supporting evidence, sub-arguments, and specific points that you want to emphasize. Please make sure that every aspect of your thesis proves its claim. Any additional information will only exacerbate the problems with your paper.

If the information contradicts your central claim, you should acknowledge it because it will strengthen your paper. Make sure that you thoroughly check all of the sources you’ve chosen. When writing about causes, don’t just summarize them; instead, analyze them. Continue reading for an example synthesis essay outline.

The basic synthesis essay outline template is divided into three sections:

  • Introduction
  • Body, which contains arguments and counterarguments
  • Conclusion


When writing a synthesis essay, an outline should begin with an introduction that provides a brief explanation of the paper’s topic. It will include a hook, background information on your topic, and a thesis statement. The following section explains how to write a synthesis statement.

For example, Jean Twenge’s article clearly warns readers that the modern world’s increased use of smartphones ruins teenagers. Furthermore, the author makes the sensational claim that the rise in social media and smartphone usage is causing a metaphorical earthquake of unprecedented magnitude in the world. The author then provides evidence from other studies on the subject and personal observations, all of which appear to support his claim. According to Twenge, the central hypothesis for claiming that smartphones and social media use destroy a generation is that increased use of these two platforms causes mental depression and other mental issues. This paper will primarily refute the author’s claims by focusing on the issues raised by the work.


The central argument of the entire paper, is always included in synthesis writing. Your thesis should be the main argument of multiple-sourced theses.

Synthesis thesis example: Although technology has brought tremendous changes to society, the use of smartphones and social media is not destroying a generation, especially when considering the reasons presented by Twenge.


Synthesis thesis example: Although technology has brought tremendous changes to society, the use of smartphones and social media is not destroying a generation, especially when considering the reasons presented by Twenge.

One of the primary grounds for not endorsing the article and the author’s findings is that all of the evidence chosen by the author is skewed in one direction or the other. Twenge only uses and reviews studies that support her points of view.

The following paragraphs should now present arguments in support of the thesis. Use the following synthesis format to structure all sections in the body:

  • Supporting Argument
  • Topic Sentence
  • Evidence
  • Analysis of Evidence

At the same time, she disregards other studies that show that screen time has no significant impact on depression and other mental health conditions that affect teenagers. In one claim, the researcher cited a study that claimed that the more teens used social media sites like Facebook, the more depressed they became. However, she did not address the issue of depression, even though the same study found that being depressed as a result of using Facebook did not result in increased Facebook usage (Twenge). Such findings absolve Facebook of blame, demonstrating that unhappiness and Facebook are not entirely correlated—as portrayed by Twenge. Furthermore, the fact that they do not use Facebook more frequently after becoming unhappy suggests that Facebook has not wholly replaced how teenagers can use social media to find alternative happiness or recover from depression.



A conclusion should be a synopsis of the entire paper. The paper should then be concluded with a final sentence. Put another way, restate the main points and answer any unanswered questions.

For example, to replace various factors associated with the previous generation, such as teen pregnancy and underage alcohol consumption, as indicators of how dangerous these devices are to the current generation. All of the issues that afflicted the previous generation have also had an impact on the future lives of teenagers, and reducing them indicates a more prosperous era, according to mo Although Jean Twenge makes some valid points about the use of social media by teenagers, her article contains a lot of bias, which further undermines its credibility. She chooses to focus solely on one side of the issue. She completely disregards ideas contradicting her stance, demonstrating that social media and smartphones can benefit teenagers. She also chooses to replace various negative factors associated with the previous generation, such as teen pregnancy and underage alcohol consumption, as indicators of how dangerous these devices are to the current generation. All of the issues that afflicted the previous generation have a significant impact on the lives of teenagers in the future, and reducing them indicates a better age based on morals and values.


How to Write a Synthesis Essay

A synthesis paper requires a thorough analysis of a given text or prompt. To successfully analyze it, you must first understand the text’s purpose, rhetoric, and the author’s claim. In other words, you are responding to the question, “So what?” Then you must construct your application and write your code around it.

  • Avoid titling the assignment synthesis essay’ followed by a relevant title.
  • Keep in mind to address your readers adequately.
  • Make use of precise vocabulary. Don’t be afraid to consult a dictionary.
  • Make use of a simple sentence structure. Use the active voice sparingly.
  • Correct spelling, comma errors, subject-verb agreements, plurals, and possessives. Also, avoid using the pronoun “you.”
  • Check that your citations are accurate.
  • Utilize sentence and paragraph transitions.

Writing Techniques

Use Summarizing: This is one of the most basic methods of organization. It enables you to summarize the sources that are most relevant to you. The problem is that this method excludes any of your independent thoughts.

The source material is an example. Write quotations from sources in your own words. This technique also allows for the use of quotable sources. When using models, make sure to cite the citation.

Multiple Reasons: It is well known that using numerous reasons – typically two – is a highly effective method.

Present one counterargument to your thesis. However, make sure the argument isn’t too strong. The benefit of this method is that it teaches awareness of the opposing viewpoint. An introduction and description are provided in this type of evidence. A counterargument and a deciding factor follow it.

Concession: This technique depicts the opposing point of view. It demonstrates that the positives outnumber the negatives.


Compare and Contrast: The contrast and compare method allows writers to compare and contrast two sources at the same time, which saves time. Comparing reveals similarities, while contrasting reveals differences. It is possible to illustrate an in-depth analysis of your chosen topic.


Synthesis Essay Format

The format of your synthesis paper is determined by the style required by your teacher or professor. MLA, APA, and Chicago style are the most commonly used formats. In education, psychology, and science, APA is used; in the humanities, MLA is used; and in business, history, and fine arts, Chicago style is used. Purdue Owl is a guide that focuses primarily on MLA and APA, and Easybib is a citation multitool that you can use to cite any of your outside sources.

MLA Format

The following are some key points:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt font double-spaced
  • 1″ margins
  • Titles are centered
  • The header should include your name, your professor’s name, course number, and the date
  • The top right corner includes the last name and page number on every page
  • The last page consists of a “Works Cited” page



APA Format

Some key points are:

  • Include a page header on the top of every page
  • Times New Roman 12 pt font double-spaced 1″ margins
  • The synthesis essay structure should be divided into four parts: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
  • Insert page number on the top right


Chicago Style

Some key points are:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt.
  • Use double-spacing amongst the lines of the paper.
  • Use one-inch margins.
  • Use ½ inch indents for paragraph beginnings.
  • Write with left-justified text that has a rugged edge.
  • Use full names of people or organizations.
  • The bibliography is to be on a separate page.


Synthesis Essay Rubric

High range (8-9 points)

  • Develops an influential position on the assigned topic.
  • Exhibits a thorough understanding of the sources or text.
  • Sources are correctly synthesized, and a position is strengthened. The writer, not the authorities, drives the argument.
  • The writer’s argument is persuasive.
  • The author makes no broad claims and instead provides specific evidence for each point. Their evidence is developed and answers the question, “So what?”
  • The paper is well-organized, clear, and coherent. It is not an exam response but rather a stand-alone piece.
  • There are very few, if any, grammatical and spelling errors or flaws.

Middle-Range (5-7)

  • Develops a good position on the assigned topic.
  • Demonstrates adequate comprehension of the ideas developed in the sources.
  • Summarizes the sources adequately and assumes some control of the argument. Those rated a ‘5’ are less focused than those placed a ‘6’ or a ‘7.’
  • The writer’s argument is adequate but underdeveloped.
  • The writer successfully synthesizes and cites the sources.
  • The writer responds to the question “So what?” but may use generalizations or assertions of universal truth. The author cites personal experience as well as specific evidence.
  • The paper is clear and well-organized —’ 5’s are not.
  • There are a few minor grammatical or syntax errors.

Low-Range (1-4)

  • Develops a position on the assigned topic insufficiently.
  • The ideas developed in the sources are misunderstood and oversimplified by the author.
  • Oversimplifies the sources, allowing the sources to drive the argument.
  • The writer’s organization and syntax are both lacking. There are numerous grammatical and spelling errors in the paper.
  • The writer fails to cite the sources correctly, skips a citation, or cites fewer than the required number of sources.