A List of 161 Hot Cyber Security Topics for Research [2021]

Your computer stores your memories, contacts, and study-related materials. It’s probably one of your most valuable items. But how often do you think about its protection?

Cyber security is something that can help you with this. Simply put, it prevents digital attacks so that no one can access your data. Do you want to write a paper relevant to the modern challenges of cyberspace? This article has all you need. In here, you’ll find:

  • An overview of cyber security’s research areas.
  • A selection of compelling cyber security paper topics.

And don’t hesitate to contact our

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✅ Cyber Security Topics & Research Areas

Cyber security is a vast, constantly evolving field. Its research takes place in many areas. Among them are:

The picture shows the main research areas in cyber security: topics in quantum and space, data privacy, criminology and law, AI and IoT security.

  • Safe quantum and space communications

    . Progress in quantum technologies and space travel calls for extra layers of protection.

  • Data privacy.

    If someone’s personal information falls into the wrong hands, the consequences can be dire. That’s why research in this area focuses on encryption techniques.

  • (Inter)national cyberethics, criminology, and law.

    This branch analyzes how international legal frameworks work online.

  • AI and IoT security

    . We spend more and more of our daily lives online. Additionally, our reliance on AI increases. This scientific field strives to ensure a safe continuation of this path.

As you can see, cyber security extends in various exciting directions that you can explore. With this in mind, let’s move on to our cyber topics list.

🔒 Technology Security Topics to Research

Safe computer and network usage is crucial. It concerns not only business but also individuals. Security programs and systems ensure this protection. Explore them with one of our topics:

  1. How do companies avoid sending out confidential information?

    Sending an email

    to the wrong person has happened to the best of us. But what happens if the message’s contents were classified? For your paper, you can find out what technologies can prevent such slip-ups.

  2. What are the best ways to detect malicious activity?

    Any organization’s website gets plenty of daily traffic. People log in, browse, and interact with each other. Among all of them, it might be easy for an intruder to slip in.

  3. How does the Great Firewall work?

    China takes

    internet censorship

    to the next level. Its comprehensive protection policies gave the system the nickname

    Great Firewall of China

    . Discuss this technology in your essay.

  4. Compare the functions of various



    Antivirus programs are installed on almost every computer. They prevent malicious code from tampering with your data. In your paper, you can conduct a comparison of several such programs.

  5. What are the pros and cons of various

    cryptographic methods


    Data privacy is becoming more and more critical. That’s why leading messaging services frequently advertise with their encryption technologies.

  6. What makes



    This technique allows anonymity and decentralization when working with cryptocurrencies. How does it work? What risks are associated with it?

  7. What are the advantages of SIEM?

    Security Incident and Event Management helps organizations detect and handle security threats. Your essay can focus on its relevance for businesses.
  8. What are the signs of phishing attempts?
  9. Discuss why

    cyber security

    is relevant for everybody.
  10. Compare and contrast various forms of data extraction techniques.
  11. What do computers need protocols for?
  12. Debate the significance of frequent system updates for

    data security

  13. What methods does HTTPS use that make it more secure than HTTP?
  14. The role of prime numbers in cryptography.
  15. What are

    public key certificates

    , and why are they useful?
  16. What does a VPN do?
  17. Are

    wireless internet connections

    less secure than LAN ones? If so, why?
  18. How do authentication processes work?
  19. What can you do with IP addresses?
  20. Explain the technology of unlocking your


    via facial recognition vs. your fingerprint.
  21. How do you prevent intrusion attempts in


  22. What makes Telnet vulnerable?
  23. What are the phases of a Trojan horse attack?
  24. Compare the


    technologies of various social networks.
  25. Pros and cons of symmetric algorithms.
  26. How can a person reach maximum technological security?
  27. Discuss autoencoders and reveal how they work.

💾 Research Topics in Information Security

Information security’s goal is to protect the transmission and storage of data. On top of that, network security topics are at the forefront of infosec research. If you’re looking for inspiration on the subject, check out these ideas.

  1. What are the mechanics of

    password protection


    Passwords are a simple tool to ensure confidentiality. What do users and developers need to keep in mind when handling passwords?

  2. What are the safest ways to ensure data integrity?

    Everybody wants their data to be intact. Accidental or malicious modifications of data can have dire consequences for organizations and individuals. Explore ways to avoid it.

  3. How can one establish non-repudiation?

    Non-repudiation proves the validity of your data. It’s essential in legal cases and cyber security.

  4. How did the advent of these new technologies impact information security?

    Mobile networks have changed the way we access information. On a


    , everything is permanently available at your fingertips. What adverse consequences did these technologies bring?

  5. How do big corporations ensure that their database environment stays conflict-free?

    We expect our computers to always run fast and without errors. For institutions such as hospitals, a

    smooth workflow

    is vital. Discuss how it can be achieved.

  6. Describe what a solid access control policy could look like.

    In a company, employees need access to different things. This means that not everyone should have an admin account. How should we control access to information?

  7. How can you increase

    cyber security


    For maximum safety, it’s best to employ several measures. Protection on the hard- and software side is just a part of it. What are some other means of security?
  8. Write an argumentative essay on why a career in information security doesn’t require a degree.
  9. Pros and cons of various infosec certificates.
  10. What do managers often overlook when it comes to

    cyber security

  11. The influence of remote work on a firm’s infosec network.
  12. What should everyone be aware of when it comes to safeguarding personal data?
  13. Select a company and calculate how much


    they should allocate on cyber security.
  14. What are the dangers of public Wi-Fi networks?
  15. How secure are

    cloud services

  16. Apple vs.


    : whose systems offer better security?
  17. Why is it important to remove a USB flash drive safely?
  18. Is it possible to create an unguessable password?

  19. Intranet security

    : best practices.
  20. Does the use of biometrics increase security?
  21. Face recognition vs. a simple code: what are the safest locking options for


  22. How do you recover data from a broken hard drive?
  23. Discuss the functions and risks of cookies and cache files.
  24. A beginner’s guide to staying

    safe online

  25. Physical components of infosec.
  26. Debate security concerns regarding

    electronic health records

  27. What are unified user profiles, and what makes them potentially risky?

🖥️ Cybercrime Topics for a Research Paper

Knowledge is one of today’s most valuable assets. Because of this, cybercrimes usually target the extraction of information. This practice can have devastating effects. Do you want to learn more about the virtual world’s dark side? This section is for you.

  1. Give an overview of the various types of computer crimes today.

    Cybercriminals are becoming more and more inventive. It’s not easy to keep up with the new threats appearing every day. What threats are currently the most prominent?

  2. How does cryptojacking work, and why is it problematic?

    Cryptocurrency’s value explosion has made people greedy. Countries such as Iceland have become a haven for


    . Explore these issues in your essay.

  3. Analyze the success rate of email scams.

    You’ve probably seen irrelevant ads in your spam folder before. They often sound so silly it’s hard to believe they work. Yet, unfortunately, many people become victims of such scams.

  4. How did the WannaCry malware work?

    WannaCry was ransomware that caused global trouble in 2017. It led to financial losses in the billions. What made it so dangerous and hard to stop?

  5. Give famous examples of


    that targeted people instead of money.

    Not all cybercrimes want to generate profit. Sometimes, the reasons are political or personal. Explore several instances of such crimes in your essay. How did they pan out?
The picture shows how cybercrimes can be classified into four groups: crimes against individuals, property, and governments.

  1. Analyze the implications of

    the Cyberpunk 2077


    The game’s bugs and issues made many people angry. Shortly after its flop, hackers released developer CD Projekt Red’s source codes. What far-reaching consequences could this have?

  2. Why do


    commit identity theft?

    Social media has made it easy to steal identities. Many like to display their lives online. In your paper, research what happens to the victims of identity thefts.
  3. Should governments punish cybercrimes like real-life crimes?
  4. How does ransomware work?
  5. Describe the phases of a DDoS attack.
  6. What cybercrime cases led to changes in the


  7. Track the evolution of online scams.
  8. Online grooming: how to

    protect children

    from predators.
  9. Are cybercrimes “gateway crimes” that lead to real-life misbehavior?
  10. What are man-in-the-middle attacks?

  11. Big data

    and the rise of internet crimes.
  12. Are cybercrimes more dangerous to corporations than they are to society?
  13. Is the internet increasing the likelihood of adolescents engaging in illegal activities?
  14. Do the downsides of cyberlife outweigh its positives?
  15. Is constantly checking your crush’s


    page cyberstalking?
  16. How do you recognize your online date is a scam?
  17. Describe what happens during a Brute Force attack.
  18. What’s the difference between pharming and phishing?
  19. Do


    differ in various countries?
  20. Should the punishments for cybercriminals be harsher than they are now?
  21. Compare various types of


  22. How do you mitigate a denial-of-service attack?

🕵️ Topics for a Research Paper on Hacking

Blinking screens and flashing lines of code: the movie industry makes hacking look fascinating. But what actually happens when someone breaks into another person’s computer’s system? Write a paper about it and find out! The following prompts allow you to dive deeper into the subject.

  1. Is it vital to keep shutting down online movie streaming sites?

    Many websites offer free movie streaming. If one of their domains gets closed down, they just open another one. Are they a threat to the industry that must be stopped? Or should cyber law enforcement rather focus on more serious crimes?

  2. Explore the ethical side of



    WikiLeaks is a platform for whistleblowers. Its founder, Julian Assange, has been under arrest for a long time. Should whistleblowing be a crime? Why or why not?

  3. How did Kevin Mitnick’s actions contribute to the American cyber legislature?

    Mitnick was one of the US’s first most notorious


    . He claimed to have broken into NORAD’s system. What were the consequences?

  4. Examine how GhostNet operates.

    GhostNet is a large organization attacking governments. Its discovery in 2009 led to a major scandal.

  5. Describe how an SQL injection attack unfolds.

    Injection attacks target SQL


    and libraries. This way, hackers gain unauthorized access to data.

  6. What political consequences did the attack on

    The Interview


    In 2014, hackers threatened to attack theaters that showed

    The Interview

    . As a result, Sony only showed the movie online and in limited releases.

  7. Write about cross-site request forgery attacks.



    tells you that logging out is a crucial step. But what can happen if you don’t do it?

  8. What is “Anonymous,” and what do they do?
  9. Is it permissible to hack a system to raise awareness of its vulnerabilities?
  10. Investigate the origins of the hacking


  11. How did industrial espionage evolve into hacking?
  12. Is piracy destroying the music and

    movie industries

  13. Explain the term “cyberwarfare.”
  14. Contrast different types of hacking.
  15. Connections between political


    and hacking.
  16. Is it possible to create an encryption that can’t be hacked?
  17. The role of hackers in

    modern warfare

  18. Can hacking be ethical?
  19. Who or what are

    white hat hackers

  20. Discuss what various types of hackers do.
  21. Is jailbreaking a crime?
  22. How does

    hacking a phone

    differ from hacking a computer?
  23. Is hacking your personal home devices problematic?
  24. What is clickjacking?
  25. Why would hackers target


  26. Examine the consequences society would have to bear if a hacker targeted the state.
  27. Compare and analyze different hacking collectives.

⚖️ Topics on Cyber Law & Ethics to Look Into

Virtual life needs rules just like the real one does. The online world brings a different set of values and issues to the table. And, naturally, cyberlife has a legal framework. That’s where researching cyber law and ethics comes into play.

  1. Is it ethical that governments can always access their citizens’ data?

    In some countries, online platforms for personal information are standard. From medical exams to


    , everything is available with a click. The system is inarguably convenient. But what about its downsides?

  2. Is it still morally permissible to use



    Spotify has made listening to music more accessible than ever. However, artists only receive a tiny fraction of the company’s profits.

    Discuss the implications of this fact.

  3. Should internet forums require users to display their real names?

    Online harassment is a widespread problem. Nicknames hide the identities of ordinary users as well as perpetrators. Can the mandatory use of real names change the situation?

  4. Analyze online


    behavior from a psychological standpoint.

    If one wants to play online games, one needs to have a thick skin. The community can be harsh. You can dedicate your paper to exploring these behaviors. Or you might want to ponder what game publishers can do to reduce hate speech.

  5. What type of restrictions should sellers implement to prevent domain speculation?

    Some people buy domains hoping that they will sell them later for more money. This practice makes registering a new



  6. Does the internet need regulations to make adult content less visible?

    Every computer without parental control can access pornographic websites. Most of them don’t require


    . Their contents can be disturbing, and their ads can appear anywhere. What can be done about it?

  7. What are cyber laws still missing in America?

    The US has established many laws to regulate internet usage. Select the most significant ones and explain their relevance.

  8. Why should cyber


    be different from real-world norms?
  9. Are there instances in which

    illegal downloading

    is justified?
  10. The rule of law in real life vs. in cyberspace.
  11. Does the internet need a government?
  12. What is

    cyber terrorism

    , and what makes it dangerous?
  13. Who is responsible for online misbehavior?
  14. How binding are netiquettes?
  15. What did the implementation of the GDPR change?
  16. Compare and contrast Indian vs. Venezuelan internet regulations.
  17. What does the CLOUD entail?
  18. How should

    law enforcement

    adapt to online technologies?

  19. AI applications

    : ethical limits and possibilities.
  20. Discuss trending topics in cyber law of the past ten years.
  21. Should schools teach online etiquette?
  22. Does internet anonymity bring out the worst in people?
  23. Is data privacy more important than convenience and centralization?
  24. Debate whether bitcoins could become the currency of the future.
  25. How can online consumers protect themselves from


  26. Is buying from websites like


    and Craigslist more ethical than buying from other online marketplaces?
  27. Present RSF’s Minecraft library and discuss its moral implications.

🖱️ Cyberbullying Topics for Essays and Papers

On the web, everyone can remain anonymous. With this added comfort, bullying rises to another level. It’s a serious issue that’s getting more and more problematic. Cyber security measures can alleviate the burden. Do you want to address the problem? Have a look at our cyberbullying topics below.

  1. Cyberb



    prevention in online learning environments.

    Online classes increase the possibility of cyberbullying. What can teachers do to watch out for their students?

  2. What makes

    online emotional abuse

    particularly difficult to bear?

    Bullying doesn’t necessarily have to be physical to hurt. Statistics show increased suicide rates among students who were harassed online. Explore the reasons behind this phenomenon.

  3. How can victims of


    theft reclaim their lives?

    Identity theft leads not only to mental distress. Thieves also have access to credit card information and other essential assets.

  4. What are the best methods to stay safe online?

    When surfing the internet, one always has to be on one’s toes. Avoiding harassment and bullying is a particularly challenging task.

  5. How can parents monitor their

    children’s behavior

    on the web?

    Children are particularly vulnerable online. They might enter dangerous online relationships with strangers if they feel lonely. They are also more susceptible to scams. What can parents do to protect them?

  6. How do social networks encourage



    Online abuse in such websites is very common. Everyone can be a potential target, regardless of age or gender. Discuss whether the structure of social networks helps to spread cyberbullying.

  7. What societal factors contribute to online bullying?

    Not everyone who uses the internet becomes an abuser.

    It’s possible to establish several psychological characteristics of cyberbullies. Explore them in your paper.
  8. Define how cyberbullying differs from in-person


  9. Establish a link between feminism and the fight against cyberstalking.
  10. The emotional consequences of physical vs. verbal abuse.
  11. Gender differences in the perception of

    online abuse

  12. Short vs. long-term mental health effects of internet bullying.
  13. What are the most widespread means of cyberbullying?
  14. Should people who want to play

    video games

    online get over the fact that the community is toxic?
  15. Is defending

    the freedom of speech

    more important than preventing the spread of hate speech?
  16. Reasons and consequences of Amanda Todd’s suicide.
  17. The dangers of pro-ana/-mia communities for adolescents.
  18. What are effective strategies to cope with

    online harassment

  19. Would cyber


    decrease bullying?
  20. How enhanced cyber security measures can help reduce abuse.
  21. The importance of parental control mechanisms on children’s computers.
  22. Has


    become a major social concern?
  23. Do image-heavy websites such as Tumblr and


    affect one’s mental state similarly to active abuse?
  24. What kind of people does cyber


    affect the most, and why?
  25. Analyze how the stalker uses the internet in Netflix’s series


  26. Catfishing: effects and solutions.

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🔍 References