250 Research Topics For College Students That Will Get Your Brainstorming Juices Flowing

Looking for a big list of research topics for college students? You’ve come to the right place.

With a world of options at your fingertips thanks to the internet, it’s easy to fall victim to “overwhelmed with options” syndrome. It’s exhausting to try to narrow down something to write about, especially when your professor gives you a lot of creative freedom to choose your own topic.

Instead of staring at your course syllabus hoping an idea will jump out at you, let us help you make a decision that will save you a lot of time and effort. Keep reading to take a look at our master list of 250 research topics for college students to get some serious inspiration, no matter what subject or field you’re studying. Whether you need to

write a research paper

, put together a speech, create a presentation, write an essay, or develop a report, we have topics here that can help you narrow down a good opinion, idea, or argument.

Research is Always Important

Knowing how to do proper research is an important skill to have in both your academic and professional careers. No matter what you do, at some point in your life you’ll need to be able to take a topic, analyze the information, and put together a conclusion about it.

During your academic career in college or university, you will need to be able to do research whenever you need to do any written assignments. Quality research and credible references are always the backbone of any academic writing project.

Once you graduate, the work won’t always be over. There are many different reasons you may need to do some research in your professional career. If you’re going to start a business, you’re going to need to know how to do

research and analysis

. Likewise, if you want to work in marketing and advertising, digital media, journalism, the sciences, health care, or another professional industry like the legal field or social work, you’re going to be doing a lot of research in the future. In fact, there aren’t many job industries that won’t require some type of research at some point in time.

The bottom line is that research is always going to be important, and knowing how to find good research material, narrow down a good research topic, and analyze the data are always going to be important skills you need to have.

Choosing the Right Subject For Your Assignment

Finding good research topics for college students comes down to a few different factors. You want to make sure that the subject you choose checks off the right boxes. Otherwise, you’ll be stuck doing a lot more work than you planned, and no one wants to be doing that.

● Interest level: First and foremost, your topic should be something you are actually interested in. It’s really hard to motivate yourself to research and write something if you don’t care about it in the first place. Additionally, how are you going to get your audience interested in something if you don’t care about it?

● Background knowledge: What do you already know about your topic? Even if you just have a small idea or opinion about something, that little bit of background information will help you as a foundation for the research process.

● Audience: You have to keep in mind the audience you’re going to be writing or speaking to. Is this something that’s going to be interesting to them? When you’re doing research for a specific class, make sure that the topic is covered in that class. Otherwise, no one is going to care what you have to say.

● Available information: Make sure there’s enough research material out there for the subject or topic you choose. The last thing you want to do is spend hours sifting through sources just to find that you don’t have enough information to actually do your assignment.

250 Powerful Research Topics For College Students

Ready to figure out what research topics you’re going to try out? Check out our massive list below. Each of these research topics will be a great starting point for brainstorming, breaking down arguments, and making connections to other concepts.

For specific paper topics, check out our other master lists of

200 informative speech topics


100 argumentative essay topics

. Our team of experts has put together some amazing references for you so you can always find something that works for your assignment.

Once you’ve figured out which topic you’d like to use, keep reading to learn how to find good research and sources, start putting together an idea or opinion, and start working on your project.

Ancient History Topics (Pre-History to 476 A.D.)

1. Ancient Greek society

2. Mesopotamia and the origins of human civilization

3. Ancient Egyptian society

4. Cave drawings and the first methods of communication

5. Central Asian societies in the ancient world

6. Burial practices in ancient cultures

7. The Gupta Empire

8. The Maya civilization

9. Prehistoric North America (Native American and Indigenous peoples)

10. The Silk Road and the origins of trade

11. The Iron Age

12. The Bronze Age

13. The Out of Africa theory

14. Dinosaurs

15. Celtic history and origins of the celts

16. The Chinese Book of Han

17. Ancient Japanese cultures and societies

18. The ancient Persian Empire

19. The Trojan War

20. Ancient mythology

Post-Classical And Medieval History (477 to 1499)

21. The Aztec Empire

22. The fall of the Western Roman Empire

23. The Holy Roman Empire

24. Medieval castles and their monarchies

25. Technological advancements in the Middle Ages

26. Islamic rule in India and Africa

27. Timur’s invasion in India

28. The rise of the Ottoman Empire

29. The gold trade of Africa

30. The Byzantine Empire

31. The rise of the Catholic Church

32. Medieval leaders, knights, and warriors (William Wallace, William the Conqueror, Charlemagne, King Arthur, Joan of Arc, etc.)

33. The Black Death in Europe

34. The fall of Constantinople

35. Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire

36. The Crusades

37. Medieval writers, thinkers, and creators (Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Homer, Marie de France, Margery Kempe, Johann Gutenberg, etc.)

38. The Hundred Years’ War

39. Gothic architecture

40. Medieval medicine and healing practices

Early Modern and Modern History Topics (1500-Present)

41. Conquest of the Americas

42. Martin Luther and the 99 Theses

43. The Scientific Revolution

44. The Salem Witch Trials

45. The Age of Discovery

46. Early modern writers, thinkers, and inventors (Leonardo DaVinci, Michelangelo, Galileo Galilei, William Shakespeare, Isaac Newton, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, etc.)

47. Renaissance art and discovery

48. The French Revolution

49. The British monarchy

50. The American Revolution

51. The Age of Enlightenment

52. The Irish War of Independence

53. The Victorian Era

54. The Atlantic Slave Trade

55. Military generals in the American Civil War

56. World War II

57. The Civil Rights Movement

58. The Vietnam War

59. Operation Desert Storm

60. 9/11 and global terrorism

English and Literature Research Topics For College Students

61. Symbolism in literature

62. Classic literary authors (Jane Austen, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Charles Dickens, Edgar Allan Poe, Victor Hugo, Jules Verne, H.G. Wells, etc.)

63. Mythology as/in literature

64. Romance and sexuality in literature

65. Dramatic irony in literature

66. Literature as propaganda

67. LGBTQ2+ Literature

68. The hero’s journey in fiction

69. Character archetypes

70. Old English language and literature

71. Genres of fiction (fantasy, horror, science fiction, historical fiction, romance, etc.)

72. Utopian and dystopian depictions in literature

73. Good vs. evil in literature

74. Native American literature and storytelling

75. Religious literature

76. Feminist and women’s literature

77. Children’s literature

78. Black literature and literary voices

79. Literary devices and analysis

80. Literary criticism

Music, Film, and Pop Culture Topics

81. Movie adaptations of books

82. Symbolism in film

83. Prolific directors and their work (Quentin Tarantino, Martin Scorsese, Christopher Nolan, Woody Allen, Steven Spielberg, Stanley Kubrick, Tim Burton, James Cameron, etc.)

84. Violence in film and television

85. Stereotypes in popular culture

86. Music genres and their associated sub-cultures

87. The role of music and song in activist movements

88. Jazz in New Orleans

89. Cinema scores and compositions

90. Classical Hollywood cinema

91. Soap opera dynasties

92. Spaghetti Western films

93. Streaming services and the music industry

94. Portrayals of superheroes in movies and television shows

95. “Fandom” culture

96. Gender equality in Hollywood

97. Legendary actors, bands, and musicians

98. Paparazzi and celebrity worship

99. Reality television shows

100. Satire in film and television

Current Affairs and Human Rights Topics

101. Immigration policies, practices, or laws

102. Women’s rights

103. Activist movements such as Black Lives Matter, Everytown For Gun Safety, Time’s Up, or the School Strike For Climate

104. Animal rights or animal cruelty

105. The United Nations

106. Gun safety and control policies

107. Climate change

108. Rural and urban poverty

109. Homelessness

110. Global or national terrorism

111. Modern warfare practices

112. Multiculturalism and nationalism

113. The crisis in Syria

114. Global peacekeeping

115. China’s One Belt One Road project

116. Urban slums in third world countries and developing nations

117. Capital punishment

118. Domestic violence

119. Disability and human rights

120. Internal displacement of Indigenous populations

Research Topics For College Students Studying The Sciences

121. Natural disasters

122. Climate change

123. Future predictions based on patterns and data

124. Animal populations

125. GMOs

126. Organic farming

127. Darwinism

128. Space exploration

129. Ecological conservation

130. Amino acids

131. Molecular biology

132. Genetic engineering

133. Cloning

134. Stem cell research

135. Dark matter

136. Hormone regulation

137. Plant life

138. Black holes in space

139. The Higgs boson

140. Cloud formation and weather patterns

Medicine, Nursing, and Health-Related Subjects

141. Vaccines

142. Homeopathic medicine and natural medicine

143. Health care reform

144. Diseases

145. Caring for the elderly

146. Failure-to-thrive infants

147. Cardiovascular care

148. Child care

149. Hormone replacement therapy

150. Neonatal nutrition and care

151. Sun safety and awareness

152. Women’s health care issues

153. Men’s health care issues

154. Transgender health care issues

155. Reconstructive surgery

156. Plastic surgery

157. Exercise and physical health

158. Nutrition and food

159. Catastrophic injuries

160. Acupuncture

Sociology and Psychology Research Topics

161. Cults

162. Class conflict and inequality

163. Phobias

164. Abnormal psychology

165. Autism and diagnosis

166. ADD and ADHD

167. Other mental illnesses (bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, psychosis, OCD, PTSD)

168. Cultural connections with food

169. Family relationships

170. Addiction and substance abuse

171. Divorce

172. The nuclear family

173. Gender roles and equality

174. Youth culture

175. Social media and modern networking

176. Freud’s theories

177. Fad dieting

178. Eating disorders

179. Nonverbal communication

180. Social cognition

Law and Politics Research Topics

181. Voting and election reform

182. Administrative law

183. Personal injury law

184. Business and Corporate law

185. Aboriginal self-governance

186. Law reform

187. Landlord and tenant issues

188. Self-representation in court

189. Youth justice

190. Legal aid

191. Refugees and asylum seekers

192. Landmark court decisions (Roe v. Wade, R v. Brown, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, etc.)

193. Censorship laws

194. Privacy laws

195. Discrimination and hate crimes

196. The Supreme Court

197. Family law

198. Criminal law

199. Citizenship and immigration

200. The United States electoral college

Education-Based Research Topics For College Students

201. Boarding schools

202. Sexual education

203. Education access

204. Digital literacy in the classroom

205. Standardized testing

206. STEM education

207. Plagiarism

208. College athletes

209. Free tuition

210. Home schooling

211. Religious-based education

212. Charter schools

213. Accessible education for disabilities

214. Sororities and fraternities in the United States

215. Teachers’ unions

216. The No Child Left Behind Act

217. Early childhood education

218. Native American education

219. International students and studying abroad

220. Student mental health

Technology, Media, and Computer-Related Topics

221. Bitcoin and online currency

222. Artificial intelligence

223. Technological developments

224. Social media

225. Smartphones

226. Cyberbullying

227. The Dark Web

228. Internet crimes

229. Self-driving cars

230. Internet privacy

231. Internet ownership

232. Technology and intimacy

233. Online scams

234. Ecommerce business

235. Website development

236. Graphic design

237. Drone technology

238. Information storage

239. Cloud-based computing

240. Servers and hosting networks

Marketing and Advertising Research Topics

241. Digital marketing

242. Behavioural targeting

243. Super Bowl commercials

244. Marketing and sales funnels

245. The buyer’s journey

246. Content marketing

247. Search engine optimization (SEO)

248. Gender stereotypes in advertising

249. Children’s advertising

250. Business fraud

How to Break Down Your Research Topic

Once you’ve chosen a broad topic from the list of research topics for college students, you still have a bit of work to do. Now, it’s time to form an argument and zero in on a specific subject or sub-topic you’d like to work with.

Examine the 5 Ws (who, what, where, when, and why):

● Who is/was involved? Background information will always give you some insights, such as the cause of an event or the purpose of a subject, and who it will primarily affect.

● What is the message? What happened? An overlying message, lesson, or value is almost always present regardless of what subject you’re studying. For literature topics, this might mean the messages that are conveyed within the text, or the overlying theme you’d like to explore. With history topics, this can refer to the events that took place, and what happened during this time.

● Where did this story, event, or topic take place, or where does it have an impact? For example, when using science-related topics such as natural disasters, this could mean the geographical areas where the disasters occur. If you’re talking about politics, you would want to focus on the areas where certain laws or policies have an impact.

● When did, does, or will this event take place? History topics will usually be about when an event took place, but if you’re working on a topic about literature, for example, you could talk about when the text was created. Background and context is always important for most subjects, and usually provides insight into the deeper meaning or significance of something.

● Why is this significant? In other words, why are we still talking about this particular topic? Is there something we should know about for the future? For example, if you’re focusing on climate change, your audience would need to know why this is significant so they can help to take action for the future.

Think about the broader connections of a subject and how it relates to the world. Are there lessons we can learn from these topics? What do they mean for society? What specifically interests you about these topics that you can break down into more specific subject areas?

How to Find Quality Research Material

When it comes to utilizing good research topics for college students, university students, or even working professionals, everything is going to come down to being able to source good research material. With research, everything is about quality.

Here are some places you can look to find credible, reliable, and peer-reviewed sources:

● Your school library or its website

● Free databases such as




, and


● The source and citation list at the bottom of Wikipedia entries (NOT the Wikipedia article itself)

● Case studies in the industry

Google Books

Google Scholar

● Government archives for primary sources in a specific country

● Citations in academic articles

Stick to the type of sources listed above to make sure that you are always providing quality evidence, information, and data. Be sure to avoid this list of unacceptable references, sources, or research materials:

● Wikipedia

● Other online encyclopedias

● User generated content on platforms such as YouTube, Facebook, Reddit, etc.

● Blogs or opinion articles

● Consultant websites

● Organization or corporate websites (heavy use of bias)

● Question and answer websites or chat forums

● Personal web pages

● Self-published books

The Importance of Referencing Your Work

Any time you’re going to use any material or information from your sources, make sure you provide proper references. List out your references whenever you find an idea, even if you’re not sure if you’re going to use it yet. This will help you when it comes time to start writing.

It’s always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to plagiarism. Add a citation for every idea or piece of information you use if you don’t consider it to be common knowledge. Be very careful with what you determine to be common knowledge, and always make sure you cite direct quotations at all times.

As a general guideline, the

OWL At Purdue

states that anything you see written in a credible source at least five times or more is usually safe to consider common knowledge. Again, be very careful with this. Just because you think something is common knowledge doesn’t mean that it actually is common knowledge to your specific audience – or more importantly, to your professor. For example, it’s common knowledge that there is a large population of homeless people in New York City, but it’s not common knowledge that, as of May 2020, there are approximately 59,308 homeless people in New York City. See the difference?

Learn more about referencing styles, avoiding plagiarism, and finding good sources in our free ebook,

Making the Grade: A Guide to Essay Writing Like a Pro

. This 150+ page book is packed with all the tips and advice you’ll ever need to write an amazing academic essay, regardless of what course you’re taking.

Don’t Feel Like Doing the Research? Let us Help

If you didn’t feel like looking through our master list of research topics for college students, we don’t blame you. There’s a lot of information here to process, and sometimes just the idea of digging through piles of research can be daunting enough to make you want to close your books forever.

When times get too tough, you can always turn to us. Homework Help Global provides

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, as well as many other services such as editing, proofreading, presentations, and tutoring. All of our essays are written specifically for you based on your assignment details and instructions, are free from plagiarism, and are thoroughly researched by our team of scholars and academics.