10 Ser Conjugation Charts For Every Tense in Spanish



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One of the hardest parts of learning a romance language—especially one like Spanish—is verb conjugation.

In Spanish, the way a verb is conjugated depends on a number of factors, including the subject, the verb tense, and the purpose of the sentence itself.

That means that there are actually



many



versions of each verb, all of which mean something slightly different.

And because so much of understanding Spanish revolves around verbs, it’s an important (though pretty confusing) part of learning Spanish as a second language.

If you’re taking the AP Spanish exam,

ser

is one of the most critical verbs that you need to know—and know how to conjugate. Unfortunately, the conjugations for

ser

can be pretty tricky. But we’re here to help.

In this article, we’ll give you every possible verb conjugation for the Spanish verb



ser,



which means “to be.”

We’ll even give you a quick rundown on what

ser

means and when to use it!

So…

¡si estan listos, vamos!


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It’s time to do like Dora and “Come on, vamanos!”




Loren Javier/



Flickr


Every Single



Ser



Conjugation Chart


We’ve broken down every conjugation of

ser

by verb tense and form! Scroll down until you see the heading for the verb tense you need, then check out the corresponding chart below.


Present Indicative


Yo

soy


Nosotros

somos



eres


Vosotros

sois


Usted/El/Ella

es


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

son


Imperfect Indicative


Yo

era


Nosotros

éramos



eras


Vosotros

erais


Usted/El/Ella

era


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

eran


Preterite Indicative


Yo

fui


Nosotros

fuimos



fuiste


Vosotros

fuisteis


Usted/El/Ella

fue


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

fueron


Future Indicative


Yo

seré


Nosotros

seremos



serás


Vosotros

seréis


Usted/El/Ella

será


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

serán


Conditional


Yo

sería


Nosotros

seríamos



serías


Vosotros

seríais


Usted/El/Ella

sería


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

serían


Present Subjunctive


Yo

sea


Nosotros

seamos



seas


Vosotros

seáis


Usted/El/Ella

sea


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

sean


I


mperative or Command


Yo

—-


Nosotros

seamos




Vosotros

sed


Usted/El/Ella

sea


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

sean


Imperfect Subjunctive

Note that there are two conjugations for the imperfect subjunctive. In Spanish, these conjugation forms can be used interchangeably!


Yo

fuera


Nosotros

fuéramos



fueras


Vosotros

fuerais


Usted/El/Ella

fuera


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

fueran


Yo

fuese


Nosotros

fuésemos



fueses


Vosotros

fueseis


Usted/El/Ella

fuese


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

fuesen

All Perfect Tenses

A quick note: there are multiple perfect tenses, including the pluperfect, preterite perfect, future perfect, conditional perfect, and present perfect subjunctive, and pluperfect subjunctive. When using these forms, the construction is

always

as follows:

Conjugation of

haber

+

sido


You’ll conjugate



haber



in whatever form accompanies the perfect tense.

For example, if you’re using the future perfect, you’ll conjugate

haber

in future tense!


Yo

sido


Nosotros

sido



sido


Vosotros

sido


Usted/El/Ella

sido


Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas

sido

body-two-bees-flower

Dad joke of the day: “Ser” means “to be,” not “two bees”


Meaning and Usage of



Ser




As we mentioned earlier,



ser



means “to be” in Spanish.

But if you’re studying Spanish, you know that there’s a second verb that means “to be” as well:

estar.

(We’ll talk about

estar

in another article, so you don’t need to worry about it now.)


Additionally,



ser



is an irregular verb.

That means it doesn’t follow the normal patterns of conjugations that a regular verb—ike

hablar

(to speak) or

vivir

(to live)—do. Unfortunately, there’s no easy tip, trick, or formula to help you nail the

ser

conjugation each and every time.

The only way to make sure you know the



ser



conjugations is to memorize them.

So how do you know when to use

ser?

In general,


ser



is used to talk about



what



something is

. You can think of

ser

as a way to talk about a thing’s permanent state or a set of characteristics that don’t change. To show you how this works, here are examples of situations that require you to use

ser:


Time and Date

If you’re talking about a specific time (on a clock) or calendar date, you should use

ser.


Example:

Hoy es Martes.


Today is Tuesday.
Example:

Son las dos.

It’s two o’clock.


Place of Origin and Nationality

Whenever you’re talking about someone’s home country, state, or where they were born, use a

ser

conjugation.

Example:

Claudio es puertorriqueño.

Claudio is Puerto Rican.

Example:

El es de Alemania.


He is from Germany.

body-lady-doctor


Occupation or Profession

Use the appropriate version of

ser

when speaking about a person’s job, profession, or occupation.

Example:

Mi abuela era doctora en Chile.

My grandmother was a doctor in Chile.

Example:

Adela es arquitecta.


Adela is an architect.


Religious or Political Affiliation

Use

ser

when you’re talking about someone’s religion or the political party they belong to.

Example:

El presidente de los estados unidos es republicano.

The president of the United States is Republican.

Example:

Martin es un cristiano, entonces él quiere ir a una colegio cristiano.


Martin is a Christian, so he wants to go to a Christian college.


body-admission-tickets


What Something Is Made Of

When describing what something is made of, use

ser.

If you’re discussing

how

something is made, you’ll need to use a verb like

hacer

(to make) instead.

Example: La bicicleta es de metal.


The bicycle is made of metal.

Example: Los boletos son de papel.


The tickets are made of paper.


Possession

When you’re talking about what something belongs to, use

ser.

This is how you indicate ownership!

Example:

Mitzi es la perra de Miguel.

Mitzi is Miguel’s dog.

Example:

Esos libros fueron del señor Villareal.


Those books belonged to Mr. Villareal.


Permanent Relationships of One Person to Another

Use

ser

to indicate how people are related to one another.

Example:

Ella es la amiga de Laura.

She is Laura’s friend

Example:

Señora Mariz es la mamá de Juan.


Mrs. Mariz is Juan’s mother.


body-live-concert


Where an Event Is Taking Place

Use a

ser

conjugation to talk about the time and location of a specific event.

Example:

La conferencia es a las siete en la noche.

The conference is at seven p.m.

Example:

La pasada copa del mundo fue en Rusia.


The last World Cup was in Russia.


Essential Characteristics of People and Things

When deciding between

ser

and

estar

to talk about characteristics, use

ser

when you’re talking about permanent, unchanging, and/or essential traits of a person or item.

Example:

Colombia es un país grande.

Colombia is a big country.

Example:

José y Clara son amables.


José and Clara are friendly.


Generalizations

If you’re talking in large generalities, use a

ser

conjugation.

Example:

La prueba fue muy difícil.

The test was very difficult.

Example:

¡Es fabuloso viajar!


It’s fabulous to travel!

body-person-red-journal


What’s Next?

If you’re preparing for the AP Spanish exam, that’s great!

You might also look into



other classes that offer AP exams



in order to maximize your college credit and weighted GPA.


Wondering what a good AP score is for the AP Spanish exam?


Here’s a list of the average AP scores for every AP test

!

One of the tricky bits about AP tests is that i

t’s hard to know when to start studying for them.

You’re taking the AP class, after all!

Here’s a handy guide to help you figure out the best time to start studying for the AP Spanish test on your own.

(Spoiler alert: you

do

have to study for AP tests outside of the classroom, too!)